Victor Amadeus II

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Victor Amadeus II

(ămədē`əs), 1666–1732, duke of Savoy (1675–1713), king of Sicily (1713–20), king of Sardinia (1720–30). Succeeding his father, Charles Emmanuel II, as duke of Savoy, he overthrew the regency of his mother in 1683. Finding himself caught between France and the house of Hapsburg, he steered an opportunistic course in foreign policy, guided in part by his desire to rid Savoy of French influence, in part by his appetite for territorial aggrandizement. Under French pressure he took (1686) severe measures against the WaldensesWaldenses
or Waldensians,
Protestant religious group of medieval origin, called in French Vaudois. They originated in the late 12th cent. as the Poor Men of Lyons, a band organized by Peter Waldo, a wealthy merchant of Lyons, who gave away his property (c.
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, but in 1690 he joined the League of Augsburg (see Augsburg, League ofAugsburg, League of,
defensive alliance formed (1686) by Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I with various German states, including Bavaria and the Palatinate, and with Sweden and Spain so far as their German interests were concerned.
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) against the French king Louis XIV and returned to a more tolerant policy at home. Although defeated by the French in the War of the Grand AllianceGrand Alliance, War of the,
1688–97, war between France and a coalition of European powers, known as the League of Augsburg (and, after 1689, as the Grand Alliance).
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, he concluded a favorable separate peace in the Treaty of Turin (1696), which restored Pinerolo to Savoy and caused the collapse of the alliance. In the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–13) he at first sided with France, but changed sides once more in 1703. The French occupied Savoy, but were obliged to lift the siege of Turin after Victor Amadeus and his cousin, Eugene of Savoy, had thoroughly defeated them in 1706. The peace (see Utrecht, Peace ofUtrecht, Peace of,
series of treaties that concluded the War of the Spanish Succession. It put an end to French expansion and signaled the rise of the British Empire. By the treaty between England and France (Apr.
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) awarded him Sicily with the royal title and gave him additional territory in N Italy, including Alessandria. When the Spanish seized (1718) Sicily, the Quadruple AllianceQuadruple Alliance,
any of several European alliances. The Quadruple Alliance of 1718 was formed by Great Britain, France, the Holy Roman emperor, and the Netherlands when Philip V of Spain, guided by Cardinal Alberoni, sought by force to nullify the peace settlements reached
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 was formed and humbled Spain. Victor Amadeus in 1720 abandoned his claim to Sicily in exchange for the island of Sardinia and became king of Sardinia. He abdicated in 1730 in favor of his son, Charles Emmanuel III.
References in periodicals archive ?
The exhibition began in the vast basement with a series of portraits of the figures who created Venaria: everyone from Carlo Emanuele n to Vittorio Amedeo n, who commissioned a huge extension by the Sicilian architect Filippo Juvarra after the palace's partial sacking by French troops in 1700.
Josephine d'Armagnac (1753-1797), moglie di Vittorio Amedeo di Carignano e madre di Carlo Emanuele, impedita dalle rigide regole della corte, componeva nella lingua materna versi, racconti, trattati e romanzi utopici, purtroppo rimasti inediti, in cui immaginava una nuova societa basata sull'uguaglianza fra i sessi e sull'autorita femminile.
An interlude in 1631 saw Scaglia as a representative of both Spain and Savoy, but the new duke Vittorio Amedeo I (1630-37) recalled Scaglia.
The review of the artistic climate of Turin and the administrative apparatus of the Societa serves as the basis for an introduction to the librettist Vittorio Amedeo Cigna-Santi, chief architect for the assimilation of French-inspired reforms in contemporary productions at the Teatro Regio.
7) by Giovanni Battista Brambilla of Maria Giovanna Battista's husband, Duke Carlo Emanuele II (1634-1638-1675), and their son, Vittorio Amedeo (1666-1675-1732), whose portrait as a boy by Paul Mignard is also here.
The first significant plans for the refurbishment of Palazzo Madama date from 1688-89, four years after Vittorio Amedeo II's marriage in 1685 to his cousin Anne-Marie d'Orleans, which marked the withdrawal of his mother from direct involvement in the elaboration of policy.
One of the clauses of the treaties effectively raised the dynasty to the royal rank it had long coveted by granting the kingdom of Sicily to Vittorio Amedeo II.
One unlooked-for benefit from the coronation of Vittorio Amedeo II and Anne-Marie in Palermo on 24 December 1713 was the employment of Filippo Juvarra, born in Messina.
Finally, the narrative of Luigi Giuglaris emerges rather through a description of the ceremonies that comprise the elaborate funeral of Vittorio Amedeo, Duke of Savoy, in 1637.
Building on the remains of the old medieval Castello, Maria Giovanna Battista, dowager Duchess of Savoy, called 'Madama Reale', created an architectural structure for her own court, distinct from that of her son, Vittorio Amedeo II.
Unlike Maria Giovanna Battista, who effectively transformed her antiquated residence into one of the great late baroque palaces of the continent, Vittorio Amedeo continued to use Palazzo Reale, with its flat, unornamented facade, as his seat.
His Apotheosis of Vittorio Amedeo II of 1690-92 was the obvious spur to his mother's slightly later Triumph of Maria Giovanna Battista referred to above.