Viverridae


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Related to Viverridae: Herpestidae, Viverrids

Viverridae

[vī′ver·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of carnivorous mammals in the superfamily Feloidea composed of the civets, genets, and mongooses.

Viverridae

 

a family of mammals of the order Carnivora. The Viverridae are predominantly small, slight animals with short legs and long tails; many of the Viverridae are similar in appearance to representatives of the marten family. Some Viverridae have special glands located near the anus that secrete an odoriferous substance, civet. There are 36 (or 37) genera comprising approximately 75 species (the largest family in the Carnivora order). The Viverridae are distributed in South Asia, Africa (including Madagascar), and southwestern Europe. They lead a terrestrial life, although some dwell in trees. They feed on small animals and sometimes on fruits and nuts. The basic genera include Genetta (six species), Viverra (three species), Binturong (one species), Fossa (one species), Ichneumons (eight species), Mungo (one species), the African civet (Civettictis, one species), and the African palm civet (Nandinia, one species). Many Viverridae are hunted for civet, which is used in the perfume industry and in medicine. Some Viverridae are bred in captivity to obtain civet.

REFERENCE

Mammals of the World, vol. 2. Baltimore, 1964.

I. I. SOKOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
For the families Canidae and Hyaenidae, between 80 y 75% of their species already have a monograph in this journal; for the families Ursidae, Mustelidae, and Mephitidae, between 50 and 60%; for the families Procyonidae, Felidae and Herpestidae, between 40 and 30%, and for the families Eupleridae and Viverridae, about 10%.
Of the remaining ten families, six (Eupleridae, Herpestidae, Mephitidae, Nandiniidae, Viverridae, and Prionodontidae) were scarcely studied.
Viverridae (Carni- vorous quadruped between fox and weasel in size and looks.
Nandiinidae, Felidae, Prionodontidae, Viverridae, Hyaenidae, Herpestidae, Eupleridae, Canidae, Ursidae, Procyonidae, Mephitidae y Mustelidae), mas dos listas de bibliografia, una general y otra referida a descripciones cientificas.