Vladimir Nikolaevich Semenov
Semenov, Vladimir Nikolaevich
Born Jan. 8 (20), 1874, in Kislovodsk; died Feb. 1, 1960, in Moscow. Soviet architect and city planner.
In 1898, Semenov graduated from the St. Petersburg Institute of Civil Engineering. From 1908 to 1912 he worked in England. Semenov was a professor at the Moscow Higher Technical School from 1920 to 1930, at the Moscow Vkhutemas-Vkhutein (State Higher Arts and Technical Studios-Higher Art and Technical Institute) from 1921 to 1930, and at the Moscow Architectural Institute from 1930 to 1941.
The chief architect of Moscow from 1930 to 1934, Semenov directed the formulation of a general plan for the city; the plan was officially approved in 1935. The architect’s other projects included the design and construction of a garden city, (1933–36) near Prozorovskaia station (now the station of Kratovo of the Moscow-Riazan’ railroad line), the planning of the Irkutsk-Cheremkhovo region and the Caucasian Mineral Waters region (1933–36), the general plan for Kislovodsk (1934, with other architects), and the general plan for the restoration and development of Rostov-on-Don (1944–45, with other architects). The last two projects have not been completed. Semenov was awarded two orders and various medals.