Vogul


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Related to Vogul: Vogel, Vogel State Park

Vogul

 

(Mansi, Mantsi), the language of the Mansi people, who live in the Khanty-Mansi National Okrug in Tiumen’ Oblast of the RSFSR, along the left bank of the Ob’ River and its tributaries, and partly within the Sverdlovsk Oblast. There are approximately 4,000 speakers of Vogul (1970 census).

Vogul is related to the Ugric branch of the Finno-Ugric language family; it is divided into a number of dialects that differ substantially from one another. The literary language is based on the Sos’va dialect. Vogul has long and short pairs of vowel phonemes, the velar nasal [rj] and the velar fricative [y]. Morphological features include a verb system with definite [transitive verb with an expressed or implied direct object], indefinite [transitive verb used in a general sense without a direct object], and reflexive-passive conjugations; single, dual, and plural number; and a rich word inflectional and derivational system. Compounding is well developed in nouns. The old, rigid word order has been preserved. Adverbial and participial phrases are very common. A writing system was created in the 1930’s based on the Russian alphabet.

REFERENCES

Balandin, A. N., and M. P. Vakhrusheva. Mansiiskii iazyk. Leningrad, 1957.
Rombandeeva, E. I. Mansiiskii (vogul’skii) iazyk., Moscow, 1973.
Chernetsov, V. N., and I. Ia. Chernetsova. Kratkii mansiisko-russkii slovar’ Moscow-Leningrad, 1936.
Steinitz, W. Geschichte des wogulischen Vokalismus. Berlin, 1955.
Liimola, M. Zur historischen Formenlehre des Wogulischen. Helsinki,1963.

E. I. ROMBANDEEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
1894, A vogul nyelvjarasok szoragozasukban ismertetve, Budapest.
The Mordvin data is wanting, as only 28 words are included in it (while only 16 Vogul and Ostyak, 17 Chuvash and 20 Votyak words).
The headwords are in Latin and several of the Uralic languages occur in it: Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian, Mordvin, Cheremis, Komi-Zyrian and Komi-Permyak, Votyak, Vogul, Ostyak, Yurak (more than one dialect of the latter three), Selkup and Kamassian (then still extant).
However, the differentiation between definite and indefinite object in Vogul is not entirely consistent.
This occurs especially in the 3pssg mainly in Cheremis [Mari] [--] Vogul [Mansi], Ostyak [Hanti] and Samoyedic, infrequently also in Mordvin.
Blazek prefers to reconstruct the FU word for 'three' opposing to the traditional *kolme--as *kurmi drawing upon the Hungarian (harom) and the Vogul (N [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
Marcantonio writes: "Between the 15th and 17th centuries, a belief arose that Hungarian is closely related to Vogul and Ostyak, that is the "Ugric" people.
Etymologically the Finnic pellava-family has been associated with the Ob Ugrian terms for other fibre plants, like the Vogul polna, panl[?
Vogul, Ostyak and Hungarian are still held to form the conventional Ugric node, even though it is now generally recognised that Hungarian is radically different in phonology, morphology, lexicon and syntax from the other Ugric languages (Abondolo 1987; Sammallahti 1988; Helimski 1984 : 253).