vole

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vole,

name for a large number of mouselike rodentsrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
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, related to the lemmingslemming,
name for several species of mouselike rodents related to the voles. All live in arctic or northern regions, inhabiting tundra or open meadows. They frequently nest in underground burrows, particularly in winter, although they do not hibernate.
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. Most range in length from 3 1-2 to 7 in. (9–18 cm) and have rounded bodies with gray or brown coats, blunt muzzles, small ears concealed in the long fur, and short tails. They are found in a wide variety of habitats. Of the approximately 70 vole species, over 40, distributed throughout North America, Eurasia, and North Africa, are classified in the genus Microtus. These voles typically make runways under dense vegetation or shallow burrows in the ground. They feed chiefly on grasses but also eat bark, leaves, seeds, and insects. They are known in North America as field mice or meadow mice (the Old World field mice are not voles). Like lemmings and various other small rodents, these voles periodically undergo population explosions which cause them to swarm over the countryside. Of similar distribution are the five species of red-backed voles, genus Clethrionomys, which spend much of their time in shrubs and bushes. Species of the North American genus Phenacomys nest in trees and are known as tree mice or lemming mice. The sagebrush vole, Lagarus curtatus, is found in the W United States. Other Lagarus species, found in S Russia and Mongolia, are misleadingly called steppe lemmings. The water vole, Arvicola, of Europe and W Asia, is a large, semiaquatic vole, somewhat resembling the closely related muskratmuskrat,
North American aquatic rodent. The common muskrats, species of the genus Ondatra, are sometimes called by their Native American name, musquash. They are found in marshes, quiet streams, and ponds through most of North America N of Mexico, but are absent from the
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. Voles are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Crecetidae. See also mousemouse,
name applied to numerous species of small rodents, often having soft gray or brown fur, long hairless tails, and large ears. The chief distinction between these animals and the variety of rodents called rats is in size: mice are usually smaller.
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vole

[vōl]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of about 79 species of rodent in the tribe Microtini of the family Cricetidae; individuals have a stout body with short legs, small ears, and a blunt nose.

vole

1
any of numerous small rodents of the genus Microtus and related genera, mostly of Eurasia and North America and having a stocky body, short tail, and inconspicuous ears: family Cricetidae

vole

2
(in some card games, such as ?cart?) the taking of all the tricks in a deal, thus scoring extra points
References in periodicals archive ?
Between now and March, the project will develop detailed plans for the release of water voles into the forest area.
Helping water voles to thrive again in Hertfordshire
Stuart Moodie, CRT ecologist for Wales and the Borders, said: "When I first began with the Trust some 15 years ago, there were still fairly healthy populations of water voles in the Llangollen Canal.
So The Canal and River Trust's Great Nature Watch is asking people to visit their local canal, river, reservoir or lake in Wales and record sightings of water voles, as well as all the other wildlife they see.
Once a familiar sight in the countryside, the at-risk animal was immortalised in Kenneth Grahame's classic novel The Wind in the Willows which featured the adventures of water vole Ratty and his friends Mr Toad and Mole.
Pine voles have high survival rates, as their underground living helps to protect them from hawks, owls and other predators.
This has taken some time and effort, initially involving trails of sliced carrot, however, our small mammal feeding platform is now quite successful, with a couple of water voles, bank voles and wood mice all entertaining visitors.
Caption: Bank voles carry a version of a normal protein that makes them particularly susceptible to prion diseases, such as mad cow disease.
By snap-trapping small mammals in the field and examining stored prey in boxes, Korpimaki and Hakkarainen determined that owls killed more male than female voles and preyed selectively on smaller, lighter individuals.
Vol pacer Voles are difficult to get rid of, particularly those on long-term contracts.
The very wet summer of 2012 was disastrous for water voles with many dying as their burrows flooded.
W ater voles and their field signs can be seen within and along the banksides of ponds, ditches, lakes, streams, rivers, canals and wetlands.