Volkssturm


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Volkssturm

 

a militia created in fascist Germany during World War II (1939–45) as a result of the total mobilization of men from 16 to 60 years of age.

The Volkssturm was created on orders of A. Hitler on Sept. 25, 1944, at the suggestion of the chief of the General Staff of Infantry, General H. Guderian. The Volkssturm was organized by the Nazi Party and was led and trained by SS Reichsführer H. Himmler. It was organized into battalions made up of two to four companies, armed mainly with firearms. Legally, those mobilized into the Volkssturm had the same status as soldiers in the Wehrmacht. The Volkssturm saw combat in Silesia (40 battalions) from December 1944 to January 1945, in Hungary and on the Austrian border (30 battalions) from December 1944 to March 1945, and on the Oder, the Neisse, and around Berlin (up to 50 battalions). The Volkssturm was also used to provide replacements for army units.

References in periodicals archive ?
They were used by German occupation troops, support units and training depots, while some showed up in the hands of the Volkssturm in the last desperate days of the Third Reich.
The Home Guard, or Volkssturm, needed guns, and German small arms engineers worked hard to meet those needs.
and Volkssturm were conscripting every man and boy regardless of age or condition.
Desperate Measures: The Last-Ditch Weapons of the Nazi Volkssturm by W.
Men from the Volkssturm militia, police officers, soldiers from a paratrooper division barracked nearby, guards and civilians helped drive the doomed prisoners into the barn.
They stand at the top of hundreds of Mennonites who joined the German Army, the Volkssturm, or worked for the Ostmininisterium, the Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle, the Organisation Todt, the Hitler Youth, Sonderkommando Stumpp, Sonderkommando Rufiland and a host of the other German-Nazi agencies.
There was speculation in the British press as to whether the weakened German forces would follow Doenitz or Heinrich Himmler, head of the home army, the Volkssturm, the SS and the Gestapo.
Hans Kissel's HITLER'S LAST LEVY: THE VOLKSSTURM 1944-45 (1874622515, $59.
The penetrative effect of the hollow (shaped) charge had been known since the 1860's where it was used to effect in demolition and mining work, but the earliest mass-produced of these weapons was the German Panzerfaust antitank grenade launcher (Figure 1) which was first fielded in 1943 and saw service with Wehrmacht and Volkssturm organizations during the later years of World War II.
Even more desperate was the proposal to quickly train Hitler Youth boys on gliders and send them immediately into combat in the Heinkel 162 "people's fighter"--an aerial manifestation of the Volkssturm, the "people's militia," with which Germany hoped to create a Nazi "levee en masse.
German units, consisting increasingly of 14- and 15-year-olds in the Hitler Youth and 60-year-olds in the Volkssturm, were pushed back into the city center.