Volkssturm

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Volkssturm

 

a militia created in fascist Germany during World War II (1939–45) as a result of the total mobilization of men from 16 to 60 years of age.

The Volkssturm was created on orders of A. Hitler on Sept. 25, 1944, at the suggestion of the chief of the General Staff of Infantry, General H. Guderian. The Volkssturm was organized by the Nazi Party and was led and trained by SS Reichsführer H. Himmler. It was organized into battalions made up of two to four companies, armed mainly with firearms. Legally, those mobilized into the Volkssturm had the same status as soldiers in the Wehrmacht. The Volkssturm saw combat in Silesia (40 battalions) from December 1944 to January 1945, in Hungary and on the Austrian border (30 battalions) from December 1944 to March 1945, and on the Oder, the Neisse, and around Berlin (up to 50 battalions). The Volkssturm was also used to provide replacements for army units.

References in periodicals archive ?
These forces included a bridge security company of 36 men led by Captain Willi Bratge, an engineer company of about 120 men led by Captain Karl Friesenhahn, 180 Hitlerjugend, an antiaircraft unit of 200 men, 20 men from a Luftwaffe rocket battery, 120 Eastern "volunteers," and roughly 500 civilian Volksturm.
The German failure was caused primarily by the lack of rear-allocated forces and reliance on the Volksturm.
The bridge commander in Remagen, Captain Willi Bratge, had to rely on the Volksturm for the bulk of his forces.
However, the Volksturm had deserted and most of the main German force was located at the eastern side of the bridgehead.
Due to Hitler's prohibition of defense in depth and the failure of the Volksturm, the German forces had no defensive plan in Remagen.
I moved faster, fearing that the guard, a member of the Volksturm, might now take aim at me.
They knew very well that within an hour the poor soul would be frozen or killed by a bullet from the local village Volksturm or the SS guard who followed.
Team by Avery Brundage when she drank a glass of champagne aboard the ocean liner taking them to the 1936 Berlin Olympics, which would be all about Nazi Man, the Folk, guarded by the Volksturm and whatnot.
The conqueror, who greeted the boys recruited into the Volksturm (Home Guard) in a desperate but vain bid to save the Third Reich, had become a shambling wreck.
During World War II, the Nazi government managed to mobilize a significant civilian militia in Germany, the Volksturm, which was equipped with government-supplied arms.
As the Allies were getting closer to Germany's borders, almost anything that would shoot was being issued to the Volksturm (home guard).
A volksturm version of the Model 98 was made and designated the VK98.