Franz Von Papen

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Papen, Franz Von

 

Born Oct. 29, 1879, in Werl, Westphalia; died May 2, 1969, in Obersasbach, Baden. A major war criminal of fascist Germany.

Papen was the son of a big landowner. He was an officer on the General Staff before the start of World War I (1914–18). He was a military attaché in the USA from 1913 to 1915 but was deported for espionage and subversive activity. Between 1921 and 1932 he was a deputy to the Prussian Landtag from the Catholic Center Party and a member of its extreme right wing. From July to November 1932, Papen headed the government whose policies contributed to the strengthening of the position of the Nazis. He was active in the establishment of the fascist dictatorship in January 1933 and joined Hitler’s government as vice-chancellor. As ambassador to Austria from July 1934 to March 1938, Papen played a role in the Anschluss —the forcible seizure of Austria by fascist Germany. As ambassador to Turkey from 1939 to 1944, he tried to draw Turkey into an alliance with fascist Germany. In 1946, Papen was a defendant at the International War Tribunal in Nuremberg, but he was acquitted because of disagreements among the members of the tribunal.

References in periodicals archive ?
Bielaski was actually able to wrestle enough information from his prisoner to implicate von Papen and others at the German embassy in Washington.
As head of the Dominion Secret Police, Inspector MacNutt has been attempting to keep the Canadian border secure against a network of German saboteurs run out of New York by Captains Franz von Papen and Karl Boy-Ed.
The treaty, which involved the German hierarchy agreeing to withdraw from all social and political action, was negotiated at the highest level between Hitler personally (through Franz von Papen, his vice chancellor) and Pacelli on behalf of Pius XI.
So von Papen asked for a private meeting with Hitler.
He traces the changes in the Japanese aristocracy's interaction with the Mexican diplomats they initially rebuffed and the evolution of Alfonso XII's pursuit of a "modernized hispanismo" in the form of an Ibero-American Commonwealth, as well as the daily activities of Franz von Papen, who planned to sabotage the Panama Canal and organize leftist militants to slow down Allied war production during World War I, and Wilhelm Canaris, the military and naval intelligence officer who worked to ensure that German armaments capabilities continued to develop despite official proscriptions aimed at ensuring disarmament.
The fact that Franz von Papen, not exactly considered a political tower of strength, acted as German ambassador in Ankara during World War II indicates that no one in Berlin considered this a scene of great political importance or the base for daring new initiatives.
During a 1931 public debate with the dissident Nazi Otto Strasser, Munzenberg solemnly and surrealistically announced (in words that made Franz von Papen look like the greatest Realpolitik practitioner of all time): "Hitler we can ignore.
They concern men such as Albert Speer, Goering, von Ribb entrop, Hess, von Papen and Robert Ley.
Turner indicates that three men influenced the fate of Germany: President Von Hindenburg, Chancellor Von Schleicher and former Chancellor Von Papen.
As early as 1932, the Von Papen regime had banned the employment of any "colored" musician, and the decree was enforced.
Upon receiving the prime minister's agreement, Shawkat also discussed the idea with the mufti who provided him with a letter of introduction to Von Papen, the German minister in Ankara.
According to Sudoplatov, Stalin already suspected such a conspiracy in the 1942 meeting in Ankara between Cardinal Roncalli (the future Pope John XXIII) and Franz von Papen, the German ambassador to Turkey.

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