Viacheslav Molotov

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Molotov, Viacheslav Mikhailovich

 

(pseudonym of V. M. Skriabin). Born Feb. 25 (Mar. 9), 1890, in the village of Kukarka (now Sovetsk, Kirov Oblast). Soviet politician.

The son of an estate steward, Molotov studied at St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute (1911–12). He joined the Communist Party in 1906 and did party work in Kazan, Vologda Province, and St. Petersburg. He was subjected to repressive measures by tsarist authorities. During the February Revolution of 1917, Molotov was a member of the Russian Bureau of the Central Committee, and during the October Armed Uprising in Petrograd, a member of the Military Revolutionary Committee. Subsequently, he held leading posts in Soviet and party organizations. In 1919 he became chairman of the Nizhny Novgorod Provincial Executive Committee and secretary of the Donets Provincial Committee of the RCP (Bolshevik), and in 1920 he was secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik) of the Ukraine.

Molotov was secretary of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) from 1921 to 1930, chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR from 1930 to 1941, and from May 1939, commissar for foreign affairs. From 1941 to 1957 he was first deputy chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars (subsequently, the Council of Ministers). During the same period he was people’s commissar for foreign affairs (subsequently, minister of foreign affairs, 1941–49, 1953–57). From 1921 he was a candidate member and from 1926 to 1952 a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the ACP(B). During the Great Patriotic War (1941–45) he was deputy chairman of the State Defense Committee. He was a participant in the Tehran (1943), Yalta (Crimean, 1945), and Potsdam (1945) conferences of the heads of state of the three Allied powers (the USSR, the USA, and Great Britain).

From 1952 to 1957, Molotov was a member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU. He was a member of the All-Union Central Executive Committee and the Central Executive Committee of the USSR and a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. From 1957 to 1960 he was the Soviet ambassador to the Mongolian People’s Republic, and from 1960 to 1962 he headed the Soviet delegation to the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna. He has been on a pension since 1962.

References in periodicals archive ?
Antoine Pinay (France), Vyacheslav Molotov (USSR) as well as Llewellyn E.
When internal security commission chief Genrickh Yagoda fell, his successor, Nieolai Yezhov, took his apartment and Stalin assistant Vyacheslav Molotov took his dacha.
They are said to include Stalin's correspondence with Soviet chief of secret police Nikolai Yezhov, who presided over widespread purges in the late 1930s, and letters to Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov and Lazar Kaganovich, a member of Stalin's inner circle who also conducted purges.
Likewise, Jurgen Prochnow sparkles as Hitler's foreign minister, Joachim Von Ribbentrop, and so does Robert Duvall as Vyacheslav Molotov, his Soviet counterpart.
European reviewers of the book have emphasized either its spicy details-Berman dancing with Vyacheslav Molotov in front of a smiling Stalin at one of his late-night parties-or its trivial ones - the brief portrait of Julia Minc, a bigoted and unrepentant old woman who figures in the book in part because she was the economist's widow and also because she describes how "they," the rulers, lived in relatively privileged but almost total isolation.
Vyacheslav Molotov, who was Stalin's chief executive in the 1930s and - when a common language had to be found with Hitler - foreign minister, was the worst such appointment in the history of diplomacy.
In them one hears the voices of Stalin, the determined architect of extracting "tribute" from the peasants; Nikolay Bukharin, who hoped against hope to preserve the link with the peasants; Vyacheslav Molotov, the willing satrap of the dictator; and Moshe Frumkin, the brave and ultimately unfortunate critic of collectivization.
To honor him, Stalin sent his most trusted subordinate, Vyacheslav Molotov, to San Francisco for the inauguration of the United Nations.
Notably among the Soviet delegation were then-ambassador and later foreign minister Andrei Gromyko and the man who at the time was the Soviet foreign minister, Vyacheslav Molotov.
Stalin's veteran colleague Vyacheslav Molotov, whose wife was in a prison camp where she was known as Object Number Twelve, spoke in praise of the dead tyrant.
Another CREES researcher, Dr Derek Watson, has received an Arts and Humanities Research Board grant to study the institutions and government structures of the Soviet Union during the Second World War and is making significant progress on his biography of Stalin's close associate Vyacheslav Molotov.