Wadai


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Wadai

(wädī`), former sultanate, N Chad, E of Lake Chad. Founded in the 16th cent., it was from time to time loosely subject to Darfur. Toward the end of the 19th cent., Wadai came under the influence of the Sanusi. The sultanate was gradually taken over (1903–13) by the French.

Wadai

 

(also Waddai or Ouaddaï), until the beginning of the 20th century a state in the central Sudan (on the territory of present-day Chad). The Wadai state emerged early in the second millennium A.D. The dominant nationality, the Maba, have been Islamicized since the 17th century. The state was divided into provinces, whose governors kept part of the taxes for their own use. In the 19th century in the districts inhabited by the Maba, feudal-dependent peasants paid a fixed rent, and slave labor was used. On the frontiers populated by non-Muslims, Wadai nobles collected an unlimited tribute. After stubborn resistance (1908-11), the Wadai territory was conquered by the French and was made part of the Ubangi-Chari-Chad colony (French Equatorial Africa).

REFERENCES

Istoriia Afriki v XlX-nachale XX v. Moscow, 1967. Pages 22, 321-22.
Carbou, H. La région de Tchad et du Ouadaï, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1912.

Wadai

a former independent sultanate of NE central Africa: now the E part of Chad
References in periodicals archive ?
Wadai Mutah said Friday 10 people were killed and several injured on Tuesday before attackers set the whole village on fire near the state capital, Maiduguri, AP reported.
To address the Italian occupation of al-Jaghbub in 1925-1926, Fred Lawson considers it as a key point on the Wadai to Benghazi trans-Saharan route, with links to western Egypt.
They study the traditional influence of the Zaghawa, Tama, and Bideyat clans in the Wadai region of eastern Chad as well as the differences between "black" Saharan nomads, "Arab" Chadians, and the Chari-Baguirmi group.
Fue a traves de estos como Cirenaica se comunico con el oasis de Kufra y con Wadai.
Indeed, depending on the geopolitical situation, the presence of states as Wadai or Sokoto would prevent Borno from exerting its influence over its tributaries.
It's true that Wadai was married and a father, but marital status is seldom an insurmountable barrier in societies that have evolved in equatorial climates.
Since then, the orthodox ideas, missionary efforts and propaganda were being successively spread out among the Arabs, Berbers, Tuaregs and Negroes dwelling in the territories of Kawar, Tibesti, Borku, Ennedi, Darfur, Wadai, Kanem, Chad, the Azger, the Airu, Baghrimi as far as to Senegal.
Six out of the fourteen stories in his collection are mythologized historical stories, four of which relate to the golden age of empires: two to the kingdom of Wadai (17th to 19th centuries), one to the founding of the Bagirmi kingdom (16th century) and one to a ruler of the Kanem empire (9th to 13th centuries).
La poblacion civil de Chad, sin proteccion frente a los ataques de los "yanyawid", publicado por AI el pasado 29 de enero, concluye que la gente del este de Chad "esta viviendo la misma pesadilla de Darfur": Los yanyawid sudaneses, en union de sus aliados en Chad --grupos arabes y "africanos" marginales como los wadai y mimi--, "matan, saquean, destruyen aldeas y cometen violaciones con impunidad".
The Lost Kingdoms of Africa is Jeffrey Tayler's account of his 4,000-kilometre journey across this region of the lower Sahara, through the wind-blasted pre-colonial kingdoms of Wadai and Kanem, along the gold, salt, ivory and slave routes.
In the village of Aw Wadai, we paused to join the people congregated for market.
Relying on historical records, oral history and anthropological data, Braukamper dates the beginning of the Baggarization process in the seventeenth century in the Wadai region.