Wafd Party


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Wafd Party

 

(Arabic, literally “delegation”), from 1918 to 1953 the largest political party of Egypt and leader of the national liberation movement.

The Wafd Party was founded by Said Zaghlul in November 1918. In 1927, Nahas Pasha became its chairman. Basically the party of the nationalist bourgeoisie, the Wafd also included representatives of the intelligentsia, landowners, and petite bourgeoisie. It regarded as its main task the attainment of Egypt’s complete independence. It was in power in 1924, 1928, and 1930 and from 1936 to 1937, 1942 to 1944, and 1950 to January 1952. It showed indecision in organizing resistance to the English aggression at the end of 1951 and the beginning of 1952, and this wavering shook its authority with the popular masses. The Wafd took no part in the revolution of 1952 and was dissolved in January 1953; some of the Wafd members unsuccessfully fought the government of Nasser in actions of 1954, 1957, and 1961.

B. G. SEIRANIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Sayyid El-Badawi (C), head of the Wafd party, leaves the headquarters of the main Wafd party following a meeting with the party's supreme committee, in the capital Cairo, on January 27, 2018.
Cairo: Head of Egypt's Al Wafd Party Al Sayyed Al Badawi has signalled his intention to run in the country's presidential polls in March, which incumbent President Abdul Fattah Al Sissi is poised to win.
The bloc was primarily designed to include the liberal Wafd Party, the Egyptian Social Democratic Party and the leftist Tagammu party.
Abou el-Ghar said it was possible that his own party could still be allotted one of the deputy positions if the Wafd party chose not to go along with the accord.
It was carried out by Egyptians and Sudanese from different walks of life in the wake of the British-ordered exile of revolutionary leader Saad Zaghloul and other members of the Wafd Party in 1919.
Ahmed Ezz El-Arab, the vice chairman of Egypt's Wafd Party, went on to claim that Anne Frank's memoirs were a "fake" and that despite evidence; six million Jews were not killed in the Holocaust.
Gul met leaders of some parties and representatives of NGOs in Egypt, including Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohammed Bedi, Ayman Nour, chairperson of El-Ghad political party, Sayyid al-Badawi, President of Egypt's New Wafd party, as well as George Ishak, chairman of Kefaya Group.
Mounir Abdel Nour, secretary-general of the Wafd party, a decades old liberal, nationalist party, became tourism minister.
Some Egyptian opposition parties, including the Wafd Party, also came up with conditions after an emergency meeting Tuesday evening to the regime for not supporting the massive demonstration.
Sunday's runoff saw candidates from the ruling National Democratic Party (NDP) running mostly against members of the same party after Egypt's two main opposition movements, the Muslim Brotherhood and the liberal Wafd party, pull out of the race.
It will not be a surprise when the final results of the Egyptian parliamentary elections are announced and it appears that candidates affiliated with opposition forces have won seats in the second round, which was held yesterday, despite the fact that the first round had ended in the ruling National Democratic Party (NDP) winning a number of seats unbelievable at any elections, the Wafd Party winning two seats and the El-Ghad, Tagammu and Social Justice parties winning one seat each.