Walcheren

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Walcheren

(väl`khərən), region, Zeeland prov., SW Netherlands, on the North Sea at the entrance to the Scheldt estuary. MiddelburgMiddelburg
, city (1994 pop. 40,118), capital of Zeeland prov., SW Netherlands, on the former island of Walcheren. It is a manufacturing and tourist center. Chartered in 1217, Middelburg developed into an important medieval trade center.
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 is the chief city and is also the capital of Zeeland prov. VlissingenVlissingen
or Flushing
, city (1994 pop. 44,211), Zeeland prov., SW Netherlands, on the southern coast of the former island of Walcheren. Its manufactures include shipbuilding, chemicals, and gears.
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 is also important. Dunes line the North Sea coast, and diked lowlands predominate elsewhere. Agriculture and cattle raising constitute the mainstays of Walcheren's economy; principal crops are wheat, vegetables, fruit, and sugar beets. Walcheren also has a considerable tourist trade, attracted largely by the medieval buildings in Middelburg. The region was occupied by the Germans and suffered heavy bombardment during World War II. The dikes were bombed and the area largely flooded in order hamper the German forces. In the autumn of 1944, Canadian and British troops assaulted and secured Walcheren as part of the campaign to clear the Scheldt estuary so that the Allies could use the Belgian port of AntwerpAntwerp,
Du. Antwerpen, Fr. Anvers, city (1991 pop. 467,518), capital of Antwerp prov., N Belgium, on the Scheldt River. It is one of the busiest ports in Europe; a commercial, industrial, and financial center; and a rail junction.
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, which had been captured earlier.

Walcheren

an island in the SW Netherlands, in the Scheldt estuary: administratively part of Zeeland province; suffered severely in World War II, when the dykes were breached, and again in the floods of 1953. Area: 212 sq. km (82 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
One early morning we were sent to Holland where we did another landing across the River Scheldt to Walcheren Island.
His final wartime service came in November 1944 when he was involved in the Allied assault on the Walcheren islands to free up the approaches to Antwerp harbour.