Walerian Kalinka

Kalinka, Walerian


(pseudonym, Bronislaw Kamie-niecki). Born in 1826 in Krakow; died Dec. 15, 1886, in L’vov. Polish historian. A leading exponent of the Kraków historical school. Of petty gentry origin.

Kalinka graduated from the University of Kraków. He participated in the Kraków Uprising of 1846, emigrating to France in 1856. In the late 1860’s he joined the monastic order of the Resurrectionists and settled in Galicia. Kalinka’s works, notably The Last Years of the Reign of Stanistaw August (1868) and The Four-Year Sejm (1880–88), are devoted primarily to the period of the partition of Poland, interpreted from a clerical and conservative standpoint.


Dzieta, vols. 1–12. Kraków, 1891–1903.
References in periodicals archive ?
Archiwum GtowneAkt Dawnych (Varsova Eski Belgeler Merkez Arsivi-AGAD), Archiwum Sejmu Czteroletniego (Dortyillik Sejm Arsivi --ASECZ), Tom I, Karton, 426-441 (1788), AGAD, Zbior Popielow (Popieller Koleksiyonu --ZP), 393, 57-58 (1788); Walerian Kalinka, Sejm Czteroletni, Cilt I-II, Varsova, Oficyjna Wydawnicza Volumen, 1991, Cilt I, s.
The next directors were Feliks Wrotnowski (1803-1871), Walerian Kalinka (1826-1886)), Eustachy Januszkiewicz (1805-1874), Bronislaw Zaleski (1819-1880), and Lubomir Gadon (1831-1908); there as a local director until 1893, when the library became associated with the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences in Krakow (about which more below).
This historiography began with research by Cracow historian Walerian Kalinka (1826-1886)--who was the first to use Austrian and Russian diplomatic archives and the correspondence of Poniatowski--followed by Bronislaw Dembinski (1856-1939), Szymon Askenazy (1867-1953), American historian Robert Howard Lord (1885-1954), and, numerous scholars in the last fifty years or so, both in Poland and elsewhere.