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(wŏlo͞onz`), group of people living in S Belgium who traditionally spoke a dialect of French called Walloon, but who today for the most part speak standard French. The Walloons, numbering some 3.5 million, reside mostly in the provinces of Hainaut, Liège, Namur, Luxembourg, and Walloon Brabant, in contrast to the Dutch-speaking Flemings of the northern provinces. The movement for reviving Walloon literature centered in Liège in the 19th cent.; today the language is considered moribund. The periodical Wallonie had considerable influence. Since medieval times the economic and social background of the Walloons has differed radically from that of the Flemings, and the cleavage became even more pronounced with the Industrial Revolution. The Walloon part of Belgium contains major mining areas and heavy industries, while the Flemings engage mainly in agriculture, manufacturing (particularly textiles), and shipping. Tension between Walloons and Flemings has long been a critical political issue. In 1970 a plan was approved that recognized the cultural autonomy of Belgium's three national communities: the Dutch-speaking Flemings of the north, the French-speaking Walloons of the south, and bilingual Brussels. The name Walloons was also applied to Huguenot refugees in America by the Dutch, who made no distinction between French and Walloon Protestants.


See H. H. Turney-High, Château-Gerard; the Life and Times of a Walloon Village (1953).



a people that make up about half of the population of Belgium. The Walloons number more than 4 million people (according to the 1970 census). They live in the provinces of Hainaut, Namur, and Liège, as well as in Luxembourg and in the departments of Nord and Ardennes in northeastern France. They speak the Walloon dialect of the French language. Religious Walloons are Catholic. Walloons are descendants of Belgic Celtic tribes, and since the first century A.D. they have undergone strong romanization and felt some influence from Germanic tribes, particularly the Franks. In terms of their language and ethnographic characteristics (for example, dress and living quarters), they are noticeably distinct from the Flemings who live in the same country. The majority of Walloons are employed in industry (mainly as workers), and in southern Belgium (Ardennes) they also raise livestock.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
Where the UK has national newspapers, the Flemish and Wallonians tend to read different papers in different languages.
However, monolingualism in Wallonian or Flemish schools only refers to the language of instruction, not to the background of the pupils.
A second Belgian business group organized by the Wallonian Business Union (UWE) also visited Cuba and toured its eastern nickel mining region to explore trade opportunities.
RW (Rassemblement Wallon), the most successful Wallonian party, competed (at times in association with the FDF) during the 1970s, but has since disappeared as an electoral force.
The three major parties in Belgium tacitly agreed to avoid conflict over ethnic issues and to include Flemish and Wallonian representatives in all government cabinets.
The dominant Wallonian Socialist Party advocates a fusion of regional and community responsibilities within the French language area, akin to the territorial fusion already operating in Flanders, where region and community are effectively governed as a single entity.
Recall the Wallonian Waste case, Case C-2/90, Commission v.
The Wallonian authorities are no longer in the Commission's bad books as they now state that natural stone from other countries can be used for public works.
There he joined Belgian collaborator Leon Degrelle's SS-Freiwilligen-Grenadierdivision-Wallonie (SS Wallonian Volunteer Grenadier Division) in November 1944.
Langandries, Minister-President of the Wallonian Region, Mr.
Speech on Europe's energy supply at the Conference of the IFRI (Institut Francais des Relations Internationales)* Mr Busquin at the inauguration of Wallonia Space Logistic, with the Wallonian Minister for Research and New Technology, Mr Serge Kubla, and the Deputy Federal Minister for Scientific Research, Mr Yvan Ylieff (at 12h30: press conference): July 5 in Liege (Belgium)* Mr Barnier with the opening of the eighth European day of territorial representatives of state: July 5 in Rome* Mr Solbes with the G7meeting of Economy Ministers: July 7 in Rome * Visits to the Commission: - July 2: Mrs Reding meets the Minister for Education and Sport of the Land of Baden-W?
sector- Commission Decision on applying Article 81 of the Treaty, relating to competition- European Space Strategy* Visits to the Commission: 15 May: Mr Verheugen meets the Romanian Prime Minister, Mugur Isarescu; Mr Monti meets the vice-president of Wallonian Government, Serge Kubla, and Emilio Gabaglio, Secretary General of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC).