Walt Whitman Rostow

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Rostow, Walt Whitman

 

Born Oct. 7, 1916, in New York. American economist.

Rostow studied at Yale and Oxford universities. From 1942 to 1945 he served in the American armed forces. From 1940 to 1941, 1946 to 1947, and 1949 to 1960 he taught at various American and British institutions of higher learning. He held government positions from 1945 to 1946, 1947 to 1949, and 1961 to 1969. Since 1969 he has been a professor of economics at the University of Texas in Austin.

Rostow became known for his theory of the stages of economic growth, which is opposed to the Marxist theory of socioeconomic formations. The stage theory, which serves as an apology for capitalism, asserts that in passing through a number of stages, capitalism is transformed into a society based on mass consumerism. In 1971, Rostow attempted to combine his concept of stages with an analysis of economic policy, which, he argues, is ultimately determined by a society’s level of technological development. In his works Rostow has been a militant anticommunist and the defender of a rigid policy toward the USSR.

WORKS

The Process of Economic Growth. New York, 1952.
The Stages of Economic Growth, 2nd ed. Cambridge, 1971.
Politics and the Stages of Growth. Cambridge, 1971.
The Diffusion of Power. New York, 1972.

REFERENCES

Osadchaia, I. Kritika sovremennykh burzhuaznykh teorii ekonomicheskogo rosta. Moscow, 1963. Zhirnitskii, A. “Politologiia’ po U. Rostou.” Mirovaia ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia, no. 5, 1972.

I. M. OSADCHAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
On June 26, 1973, Walt Rostow, who had been Johnson's national security adviser, gave the head of the LBJ library a sealed envelope to be opened in 50 years, saying: ''The file concerns the activities of Mrs.
There are countless examples that show not every developing country has to go through all the stages of development to reach what noted American economist, Walt Rostow, called "Take Off" and the "Drive to Maturity" before reaching the high plateau of the "Age of High Mass Consum-ption".
But while the book leaves something to be desired in terms of its argument, as a historical narrative it constitutes a very valuable and thorough contribution to understanding how modernization ideas furnished the foundations of American post-war development policy, whilst also supplying a series of interesting portraits of almost-forgotten figures who were intimately associated with this enterprise, such as David Lilienthal, Eugene Staley and Walt Rostow.
Jonathan Colman pays attention to the role of Johnson's principal advisors - the Secretary of State Dean Rusk, the National Security Advisers Walt Rostow and McGeorge Bundy, and the mercurial Secretary of Defense Robert S.
America's Rasputin: Walt Rostow and the Vietnam War.
on June 5th, National Security Adviser Walt Rostow called LBJ to announce that Israel had attacked Egypt.
As Walt Rostow, Johnson's National Security Adviser, put it in 1967: "I see the light at the end of the tunnel.
Those general theories were expanded and articulated by Walt Rostow, Paul Rosenstein-Rodan, Ragnar Nurkse, and others with particular concern for LDCs' economies.
In December 1967, Walt Rostow, LBJ's national security adviser, would forge one of the most quoted Vietnam-Iraq links when he declared about the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese: "Their casualties are going up at a rate they cannot sustain.
Much of the book is a sophisticated history of ideas, tracing the influence of such luminaries from sociology as Talcott Parsons and the Harvard Department of Social Relations, the political scientists associated with Gabriel Almond and the Committee on Comparative Politics of the Social Science Research Council, and culminating with the policy application of these ideas through MIT's Center for International Studies and especially the influence of Walt Rostow as President Lyndon Johnson's national security adviser during the Vietnam War.
Admissions like those by Walt Rostow cited above are not made for broad public consumption; they are usually made in publications and forums for dedicated one-worlders and their fellow travelers.
He argues that before this period, which he terms the "Industrial Enlightenment," there had been inventions and innovations, but they had not coalesced to produce what Walt Rostow referred to in the 1960s as "take-off.