Walter Gilbert


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Gilbert, Walter,

1932–, American molecular biologist, b. Boston, Ph.D. Cambridge, 1957. In 1968 he became a professor of biophysics at Harvard, where he had taught since 1959. He helped formulate a method for determining the sequence of bases in nucleic acids (RNA and DNA) that made it possible to manufacture genetic material in the laboratory. For his role in this work, he shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Frederick SangerSanger, Frederick
, 1918–2013, British biochemist, grad. Cambridge (B.A., 1939; Ph.D., 1943). He continued his research at Cambridge after 1943. He won the 1958 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his studies on insulin, accomplishing the first determination of the amino acid
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 and Paul BergBerg, Paul,
1926–, American biologist, b. New York City, Ph.D. Western Reserve Univ., 1952. A professor at Washington Univ. at St. Louis and Stanford Univ., he shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physics (with Walter Gilbert and Frederick Sanger) for his work with recombinant
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Gilbert, Walter

(1932–  ) molecular biologist; born in Boston, Mass. He earned degrees in physics at Harvard and mathematics at Cambridge University, England. In his long career at Harvard (1959), he taught successively physics, biophysics, biochemistry, and molecular biology, and was named Carl M. Loeb university professor (1987). He identified the entire sequence of nucleotides in the DNA of a digestive protein produced by the E. coli bacterium (1977); the technique he developed (with Allan Maxam) for rapidly sequencing genes earned him a share of the Nobel Prize in chemistry (1980) and was critical in launching the new field of genetic engineering. In the 1980s he contributed to efforts to identify the basic components of proteins. He founded Biogen, a genetic engineering firm (1978; CEO 1981–84) and was a major force in launching the Human Genome Project in the late 1980s, designed to map all the genes on human chromosomes.
References in periodicals archive ?
After his 1980 win, Walter Gilbert, now 79, spent much of his time on the road speaking at conferences and visiting other laboratories.
Leading biochemical scientists, including University of California at Berkeley retrovirus expert Peter Duesberg and Nobel Prize winner Walter Gilbert, have been warning for years that there is no proof that HIV causes AIDS.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Paul Berg of Stanford University for his studies of the manipulation of gene structures, and to Walter Gilbert of Harvard University and Frederick Sanger of England for their work on reading the fine details of the structure of DNA.
They competed against a team of scientists at the University of California, and a Harvard team led by Walter Gilbert, a former physicist who switched to molecular chemistry at the urging of Watson himself.
The Bromsgrove Guild of Applied Arts was founded in 1898 by designer Walter Gilbert.
says molecular evolutionist Walter Gilbert of Harvard University.
Walter Gilbert, a Nobel Prize winning Professor Emeritus at Harvard University.
The Bromsgrove Guild of Applied Arts was founded in 1898, an offshoot of the School of Art inthat town and headed by the headmaster, Walter Gilbert.
Almost immediately, a group of researchers, dubbed the introns-early crowd and led by Walter Gilbert of Harvard University, proposed that the DNA segments were of ancient origin and vital to the creation of modern genes.
Four other Westinghouse winners have gone on to become Nobel laureates: chemist Walter Gilbert and physicists Sheldon L.
Nobel laureate Walter Gilbert, a molecular biologist at Harvard University, says he found that claim "very unusual and exciting" upon reading the report.