Walter Reed

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Walter Reed
BirthplaceBelroi, Virginia, United States
Military physician

Reed, Walter,

1851–1902, American army surgeon, b. Gloucester co., Va. In 1900 he was sent to Havana as head of an army commission to investigate an outbreak of yellow fever among American soldiers. Following the earlier suggestion by C. J. Finlay that the disease was transmitted by a mosquito vector rather than by direct contact, Reed and his companions used human volunteers under controlled experimental conditions to prove this conclusively. In 1901 they published their findings that yellow fever was caused by a virus borne by the Stegomyia fasciata mosquito (later designated as Aëdes aegypti).


See studies by H. A. Kelly (3d ed. 1923), A. E. Truby (1943), and L. N. Wood (1943).

Reed, Walter

(1851–1902) physician, soldier; born in Belroi, Va. He received a medical degree from the University of Virginia in 1869 and served an internship in Brooklyn; commissioned assistant surgeon in 1875, he spent 11 years in frontier garrison posts. A transfer in 1890 gave Reed the opportunity to pursue bacteriological research at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, and in 1893 he became professor of bacteriology at the newly established Army Medical School. In 1897 he began the study of the transmission of yellow fever, the work for which he is remembered, and headed the army's Yellow Fever Commission, which investigated outbreaks of the disease in army camps in Cuba. Experimenting on volunteers, Reed and his colleagues (including Jesse Lazear and James Carroll) proved conclusively that the Aedes aegypti mosquito spread yellow fever. Attacks on mosquito breeding places cut the number of cases from 1,400 in Havana in 1900 to 37 in all of Cuba the following year. Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, D.C., is named in his honor.
References in periodicals archive ?
0 will be the ability to benchmark against other military treatment facilities with similar services/size," Walter Reed Nurse Informaticist Sevgin Hunt added.
The Parks at Walter Reed will be phased over a 10-15 year period and will include:
Weed (3) describes the organization of the Walter Reed General Hospital during World War I, including a dental department and a maxillofacial section in the Department of Professional Services.
As part of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure announcement and a move to make medical facilities joint-service, the DOD proposed that Walter Reed be combined with the National Naval Medical Center on its grounds at Bethesda, Md.
And when serious questions are raised about key personnel at Walter Reed, are administrators capable of acting?
Beginning 18 February 2007, a series of Pulitzer Prize-winning articles in The Washington Post highlighted the challenges still plaguing some of the veterans receiving outpatient care at Walter Reed.
Yes, this reporting--and publication of what my investigation revealed--happened two years before The Washington Post chronicled the same things happening at Walter Reed in their excellent, Pulitzer Prize-winning series on the hospital.
The furor over Walter Reed erupted in February after a Washington Post report detailed a litany of woes at the facility, ranging from bureaucratic mistreatment of wounded veterans to headline-grabbing accounts of rodent and cockroach infestations.
When stories that revealed shocking problems at Walter Reed Army Medical Center first started appearing in the Washington Post in February, it didn't take long for the reaction--anger, disgust, horror--to start pouring in.
Like most Americans I was dismayed to hear reports about substandard outpatient care and facilities at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center.
His understanding of disease transmission, mostly gathered from the work of Major Walter Reed, led him to aggressively rid the canal construction areas of the Aedes aegypti mosquito (2).