Walther von Brauchitsch

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Brauchitsch, Walther von


Born Oct. 4, 1881, in Berlin; died Oct. 18, 1948, in Hamburg. General and field marshal in the fascist German Army (1940). Born into the family of a military officer.

Brauchitsch served in the army from 1900. He took part in World War I in staff positions and afterward served in the Reichswehr. In 1932 he became inspector general of artillery, from 1933 he commanded the First Military District, and in 1935 he became commander of the I Army Corps. From 1937 he commanded the 4th Army Group. On Feb. 4, 1938, after the dismissal of General W. von Fritsch, Brauchitsch was appointed commander in chief of ground forces. He participated in the development and realization of war plans in the West and against the USSR. After the failure of the offensive against Moscow, he was discharged on Dec. 19, 1941, and placed in the reserves. In 1945 he surrendered and was taken prisoner by British forces. He died in a hospital for prisoners of war.

References in periodicals archive ?
So large were the flaws in the original Case Yellow plan that its very submission to Adolf Hitler can be interpreted as a form of insubordination, insofar as Generals Walther von Brauchitsch, commander in chief of the army, and his chief of staff, General Franz Halder, saw nothing but gathering catastrophe in an all-out assault on France before 1942.
What is the best way to thwart a gambler who relies on men of caution--Generals Walther von Brauchitsch, Franz Halder, Hans von Kluge--to achieve his ends?