Wampanoag


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Wampanoag

(wäm'pənō`ăg), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In the early 17th cent. they occupied the region extending E from Narragansett Bay to the Atlantic Ocean, including Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. The Wampanoag were sometimes referred to as the Pokanoket, from the name of their principal village. When the Pilgrims settled (1620) at Plymouth, the Wampanoag, although reduced by the pestilence of 1617, were powerful, living in some 30 villages. Their chief, MassasoitMassasoit
, c.1580–1661, chief of the Wampanoag. He was also known as Ousamequin (spelled in various ways). One of the most powerful native rulers of New England, he went to Plymouth in 1621 and signed a treaty with the Pilgrims, which he faithfully observed until his
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, was very friendly to the settlers. His son, Metacom (Philip), however, was the central figure of the deadliest war with the colonists, King Philip's WarKing Philip's War,
1675–76, the most devastating war between the colonists and the Native Americans in New England. The war is named for King Philip, the son of Massasoit and chief of the Wampanoag. His Wampanoag name was Metacom, Metacomet, or Pometacom.
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 (1675). The victory of the English brought ruin to the tribe. The Wampanoag were harried almost out of existence, the remnant consolidating with the Saconnet. However, in 1990 there were over 2,000 Wampanoag living in the United States, most of them in Massachusetts. The Wampanoag were of the Eastern Woodlands culture area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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).

Bibliography

See M. A. Travers, The Wampanoag Indian Federation of the Algonquian Nation (rev. ed. 1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
Michael was playing a Pilgrim who had become friends with members of the Wampanoag tribe.
Moshup the Giant, according to the Aquinnnah Wampanoags of Martha's Vineyard, created that island when he walked across Vineyard Sound and grew weary.
Northeastern tribes that Woods identified as having members with African ancestry include the Wampanoag communities of Massachusetts, Pequot of Connecticut, Narragansett of Rhode Island and Shinnecock of Long Island, New York.
The Wampanoag will supply some of the food for this Thanksgiving feast.
The Pilgrims invited the Wampanoag Indians, who had taught them how to grow unfamiliar local crops and who had helped them master hunting and fishing, the Web site says.
Action sequences are well directed, if heavy on the slow motion, sacrificing historical accuracy as Viking steel scythes through Wampanoag flesh.
According to tribal history, the Mashpee Wampanoag signed a treaty with the U.
It isn't clear yet how the ban will affect the rights of the Mashpee Wampanoag Native Americans.
Her book traces the island's history, first as the home of the Wampanoag Indians, then a haven for free slaves, indentured servants and skilled laborers, to a Methodist revival camp, the a middle-class vacation resort and homestead of the wealthy today.
According to the Plimouth Plantation, a living history museum in Massachusetts, the only known record of the food eaten that day among the Pilgrims and the Wampanoags, the original Americans, puts seasonal wild fowl - including turkeys, ducks and geese - and venison brought by the Wampanoag on the table.
Cape Cod reported on the case of a Mashpee Wampanoag tribal member falsely arrested for assault and battery on a police officer, resisting arrest, etc.