Wampanoag


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Wampanoag

(wäm'pənō`ăg), confederation of Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In the early 17th cent. they occupied the region extending E from Narragansett Bay to the Atlantic Ocean, including Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. The Wampanoag were sometimes referred to as the Pokanoket, from the name of their principal village. When the Pilgrims settled (1620) at Plymouth, the Wampanoag, although reduced by the pestilence of 1617, were powerful, living in some 30 villages. Their chief, MassasoitMassasoit
, c.1580–1661, chief of the Wampanoag. He was also known as Ousamequin (spelled in various ways). One of the most powerful native rulers of New England, he went to Plymouth in 1621 and signed a treaty with the Pilgrims, which he faithfully, if warily, observed
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, was very friendly to the settlers. His son, Metacom (Philip), however, was the central figure of the deadliest war with the colonists, King Philip's WarKing Philip's War,
1675–76, the most devastating war between the colonists and the Native Americans in New England. The war is named for King Philip, the son of Massasoit and chief of the Wampanoag. His Wampanoag name was Metacom, Metacomet, or Pometacom.
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 (1675). The victory of the English brought ruin to the tribe. The Wampanoag were harried almost out of existence, the remnant consolidating with the Saconnet. However, in 1990 there were over 2,000 Wampanoag living in the United States, most of them in Massachusetts. The Wampanoag were of the Eastern Woodlands culture area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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).

Bibliography

See M. A. Travers, The Wampanoag Indian Federation of the Algonquian Nation (rev. ed. 1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
Our modern storytelling of the first Thanksgiving often neglects the extreme suffering of the Pilgrims and Wampanoag.
Stanley says that about 120 students use the tuition waivers each year, with the largest number being Mashpee Wampanoags, followed by Nipmucs.
The Pilgrims and the Wampanoag needed each other to survive against the other tribes in the area.
By the end of my program, I had a solid foundation in the grammatical structure of Wopanaot8aok that I could use to teach other Wampanoag community members.
Sayet presented highlights of her 140-page Harvard University master's thesis ''Moshup's Continuance: Sovereignty and the Literature of the Land in the Aquinnah Wampanoag Nation.
Fracos e doentes, eles foram ajudados por Massasoit, chefe dos Wampanoag, com Squanto (que havia sido capturado e levado a Inglaterra e que fugira de volta aos EUA) como interprete.
The film opens with shots of numerous Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard Wampanoag-language place-names on street signs, a stark reminder that the geography of the area is still marked in Wampanoag despite its supposed demise as a living language.
He" is Caleb Cheeshahteumauk, son of a Sachem--a political leader--on the island known today as Martha's vineyard, nephew of a powerful Powwow--a religious leader--among the Wampanoag people of the island.
It tells the story of how the Wampanoag people, descendants of the very Indians who generously saved the English Pilgrims from starvation, have been able to recover their aboriginal language a century after the death of the last speaker of the language.
When the Pilgrims crossed the Atlantic Ocean they landed on the rocky shores of a territory that was inhabited by the Wampanoag (Wam pa NO ag) Indians.
The first Thanksgiving is said to go back to 1621, when the pilgrims landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts, and were saved from starvation by the friendly Wampanoag Indians, who helped them to catch fish and cultivate the land.
explores King Philip's War, between Europeans and Native Americans from 1675-1676, and describes how colonial expansion and encroachments on Wampanoag Indian sovereignty caused the war and how the leader Metacom (Philip) sought to enlist the aid of other tribes against the colonists in Plymouth.