Wampanoag

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Wampanoag

(wäm'pənō`ăg), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In the early 17th cent. they occupied the region extending E from Narragansett Bay to the Atlantic Ocean, including Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. The Wampanoag were sometimes referred to as the Pokanoket, from the name of their principal village. When the Pilgrims settled (1620) at Plymouth, the Wampanoag, although reduced by the pestilence of 1617, were powerful, living in some 30 villages. Their chief, MassasoitMassasoit
, c.1580–1661, chief of the Wampanoag. He was also known as Ousamequin (spelled in various ways). One of the most powerful native rulers of New England, he went to Plymouth in 1621 and signed a treaty with the Pilgrims, which he faithfully observed until his
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, was very friendly to the settlers. His son, Metacom (Philip), however, was the central figure of the deadliest war with the colonists, King Philip's WarKing Philip's War,
1675–76, the most devastating war between the colonists and the Native Americans in New England. The war is named for King Philip, the son of Massasoit and chief of the Wampanoag. His Wampanoag name was Metacom, Metacomet, or Pometacom.
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 (1675). The victory of the English brought ruin to the tribe. The Wampanoag were harried almost out of existence, the remnant consolidating with the Saconnet. However, in 1990 there were over 2,000 Wampanoag living in the United States, most of them in Massachusetts. The Wampanoag were of the Eastern Woodlands culture area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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).

Bibliography

See M. A. Travers, The Wampanoag Indian Federation of the Algonquian Nation (rev. ed. 1961).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Pilgrim's feast was lacking, though, until the Wampanoags arrived carrying five deer.
His bachelor's degree was accepted by Tiffany Smalley, who on the same day became the first Wampanoag tribe member to graduate from Harvard since Caleb Cheeshahteaumuck, a classmate of Iacoomes', graduated in 1665.
46) John Augustus Stone, Metamora; or The Last of the Wampanoags in Staging the Nation: Plays from the American Theater, 1787-1909, ed.
Unlikely in a sauce, according to food historian Kathleen Curtin, although they may have been part of a Wampanoag dish.
The Wampanoags interpreted the fact that the Narragansett tribe was almost entirely unaffected by the epidemic as a sign that their enemies remained in the protective grace of their god Cautantowwit, while their own god, Kietitan, had forsaken them.
In a curriculum about New England's Native American peoples by Barbara Robinson (1988), the Wampanoag creation story concludes with the note: "Attributed to Chief Red Shell, Historian of the Nauset Wampanoag Tribe and Chief Wild Horse, Wampanoag Champion of the Mashpee.
com researchers have found both blood lines - from the Wampanoags and pilgrim leader William Bradford - intertwined within the heritage of Lindsy Stewart Cieslewicz, a former dance instructor at Brigham Young University and a mother of five.
In 2001, the Aquinnah Wampanoags reclaimed the traditional name Aquinnah for Moshup's old stomping ground, and now there is even a Moshup's Beach, an important part of the sovereignty of the tribe, Sayet said.
But the leaders of the Aquinnah Wampanoags, the federally recognized American Indian tribe whose ancestors first inhabited the island, envision a new destination.
One of the biggest issues to emerge from the New England story is how the colonists wrestled with the issue of how to treat others - in the case of the Pilgrims, how to treat the Wampanoags, the eastern Massachusetts natives who participated with them in the Thanksgiving feast of 1621.
Hundreds of years later, this same tribe of Indians -- the Mashpee Wampanoags -- still live on Cape Cod and continue to serve their country.
There's something wrong when a process takes more than a generation to complete,'' said Cedric Cromwell, chairman of the tribal council for the Mashpee Wampanoags, which won federal recognition in 2007 after a 30-year quest.