Wanda Landowska


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Landowska, Wanda

 

Born July 5, 1877, in Warsaw; died Aug. 16, 1959, in Lakeville, Conn., USA. Polish harpsichordist, pianist, teacher, and musicologist.

Landowska studied in Poland with A. Michałowski (piano) and in Berlin with M. Moszkowski and G. Urban (composition). She moved to Paris in 1900, where she performed as a pianist and from 1903, as a harpsichordist. In 1906 she began touring Europe, including Russia in 1907, 1909, and 1913. She also gave lectures. She taught harpsichord in Berlin, Basel, and Paris and founded a school for the study of old music in Saint-Leu-la-Forêt, near Paris. She settled in the USA in 1941.

Landowska became world famous with her numerous concert tours and recordings. She was responsible for the revival of the harpsichord and harpsichord music on the contemporary concert stage. De Falla (1926) and Poulenc (1929) wrote harpsichord concerti for her. Landowska composed orchestral and piano pieces, choral songs, and cadenzas to concerti by Haydn and Mozart. She published a number of studies on J. S. Bach and on harpsichord music, including Music of the Past (1909).

REFERENCE

Gavoty, B., and R. Hauert. Wanda Landowska. Geneva, 1957.

A. B. SHNITKE

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Mme Wanda Landowska qui n'a fait que depuis peu de temps, si je ne me trompe, son apparition en France, est une compatriote de Chopin, pianiste et compositeur elle aussi" (review signed P.
Vladimir Dyck, la Pologne par Mme Wanda Landowska, la Roumanie par M.
Mme Wanda Landowska s'est assuree un joli succes aupres d'une assistance sympathique; elle a joue avec une certaine elegance le charmant concerto pour piano en mi bemol de Mozart" (Alice Hudnall Cash, "Wanda Landowska and the Revival of the Harpsichord: A Reassessment," Ph.
Wanda Landowska, "Une lecon de piano," Femina, February 15, 1904, 54.
Mme Wanda Landowska nous a fait entendre un tres beau choix de pieces de clavecin, les unes un peu freles, de Chambonnieres, d'autres, au contraire, d'une beaute singulierement hardie et expressive, comme la "Passacaille" de Francois Couperin.
Mme Wanda Landowska s'est montree excellente interprete des oeuvres de Sebastien Bach dans un recital qu'elle a donne mercredi dernier, salle Erard.
Dans un recent concert donne dans la salle Erard, Mme Wanda Landowska, la remarquable interprete de Bach, a execute diverses pieces de son maitre prefere sur le clavecin.
Undated letter (probably end of March 1905) from Wanda Landowska to Gabriel Astruc, Archives nationales, 409AP/23:
In the first year or so the staff at the Societe Musicale as well as Astruc himself referred to her as Wanda rather than Wanda Landowska or Madame Landowska.
Le succes triomphal que vient remporter, a Bruxelles, a Berlin, a Vienne, Mme Wanda Landowska remet en honneur le clavecin.