Wang Fu-chih

Wang Fu-chih

 

Wang Ch’uan-shan. Born Oct. 7, 1619; died Feb. 18, 1692. Chinese materialist philosopher and author of many works. Participant in the armed struggle against the Manchu conquerors.

Wang Fu-chih believed that matter was eternal and opposed the Buddhist doctrine of the illusoriness of the world. As an adherent of the idea of the absolute movement and development of the world, he thought that things do not originate and get destroyed but only “leave and arrive,” “are gathered and dispersed,” and “become dark and light.” He established the “theory of the daily new birth of human nature” whereby he interpreted the essence of human nature as something inherent to biology. Wang Fuchih criticized feudalism and demanded an equal distribution of good and evil in society; his views were progressive in the context of 17th-century China.

REFERENCES

Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1957. Page 183.
Hou Wai-lu. Chungkuo tsaoch’i ch’imeng ssuhsiang shih. Peking, 1956. (A history of the early Enlightenment in China.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Wang Fu-chih (1619-92) remarks on this integration in "Discussions to While Away the Days at Evening Hall":
61 For example, Wang Hsien-ch'ien praises Wang Fu-chih (1619-92) by comparing him with Su Shih: "Whether in victory or defeat, he was always content, / Somewhat like Su Shih during a wei-ch'i match"; see "T'i Wang Ch'uan-shan hsien-sheng shu-chuan," Hsu-shou-t'ang shih-ts'un, in K'ui-yuan ssu-chung, 619.