rationing

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Related to Wartime rationing: Ration book, Food rationing

rationing,

allotment of scarce supplies, usually by governmental decree, to provide equitable distribution. It may be employed also to conserve economic resources and to reinforce price and production controls. Originally used in community emergencies and in distributing supplies to sailors, rationing was first organized on a national scale in Great Britain during World War I, and during World War II it spread to most of the world. The methods used have varied according to the degree of rationing needed and to the products. Rationing methods include specific rationing, or allotment in terms of physical units; point rationing, the allotment of points (ration stamps) to be apportioned by the user among commodities of a given group; and value rationing, allotment in terms of expenditure. Rations may be allotted to individuals, institutions, and industrial users, or to communities, as in rural areas of undeveloped countries. In universal rationing, ration currency is issued to everyone in equal amounts; in differential rationing, the allocation is based on need and may vary according to occupation, age, sex, or health. In the so-called flow-back system, ration currency, usually distributed by the government to the consumer, moves upward from the consumer level to the manufacturer or processor as the product moves down. During World War II, rationing in the United States was administered by the Office of Price AdministrationOffice of Price Administration
(OPA), U.S. federal agency in World War II, established to prevent wartime inflation. The OPA issued (Apr., 1942) a general maximum-price regulation that made prices charged in Mar., 1942, the ceiling prices for most commodities.
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Bibliography

See W. A. Nielander, Wartime Food Rationing in the United States (1947).

References in periodicals archive ?
Dear Editor, Sarah Probert says in her article on the benefit of wartime rationing ( Post, Feb 24) that "the ration book turned a malnourished population into fit and healthy specimens".
Wartime rationing stopped us eating too much meat, animal fat and sugar.
A robust black market developed as some Canadians tried to skirt around wartime rationing.
Thus, during his account of wartime rationing, amid shortages of coal, wheat, and other commodities, Rory recalls that "it was decided, in the milling of the Irish grain, not to separate the husks.
Although war rationing meant decreased mobility for most people -- even the white elite -- Bob uses his car to flaunt his economic and physical mobility and to represent his newly acquired leaderman status at the shipyard and his superiority to rich whites who were ironically unable to buy a car due to wartime rationing (10).
So we saw slim suits, short skirts and less silk - which was used for military parachutes - and the master of that look was Gilbert Adrian, who used very clever piecing and placement of pockets to look luxe even in wartime rationing,'' Spilker said.
Federico Fellini would have known the special, nutty aroma of this bread, cooked without wheat because of wartime rationing.
According to records of wartime rationing, there were 100,000 vegetarians registered in 1945.
Despite the book's solid contributions to the history Of wartime rationing and postwar policies, it has some serious shortcomings.
German wartime rationing succeeded because a wide range of consumers supported it.
Defying wartime rationing, the '64 quake and Alaska's rollercoaster economy, Alaska Sales and Service drove down the road to growth -- and to its 50th anniversary.
It showed Butch chewing up a book of wartime rationing stamps.

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