diuretic

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diuretic

(dī'yərĕt`ĭk), drug used to increase urine formation and output. Diuretics are prescribed for the treatment of edemaedema
, abnormal accumulation of fluid in the body tissues or in the body cavities causing swelling or distention of the affected parts. Edema of the ankles and lower legs (in ambulatory patients) is characteristic of congestive heart failure, but it can accompany other
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 (the accumulation of excess fluids in the tissues of the body), which is often the result of underlying disease of the kidneys, liver, lungs, or heart (e.g., congestive heart failurecongestive heart failure,
inability of the heart to expel sufficient blood to keep pace with the metabolic demands of the body. In the healthy individual the heart can tolerate large increases of workload for a considerable length of time.
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). They are also used to treat hypertensionhypertension
or high blood pressure,
elevated blood pressure resulting from an increase in the amount of blood pumped by the heart or from increased resistance to the flow of blood through the small arterial blood vessels (arterioles).
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 (high blood pressure) and glaucomaglaucoma
, ocular disorder characterized by pressure within the eyeball caused by an excessive amount of aqueous humor (the fluid substance filling the eyeball). This causes pressure against the optic nerve and compression of the blood vessels of the eye—the resulting
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. They act on the kidneys, modifying the absorption and excretion of water and electrolytes such as sodium and potassium. Types of diuretics include thiazides, loop diuretics, and potassium-sparing diuretics.

diuretic

[‚dī·yu̇′red·ik]
(pharmacology)
Any agent that increases the volume and flow of urine.

diuretic

a drug or agent that increases the flow of urine
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, can long-term use of a water pill have side effects?
This mineral may be affected by so-called water pills.
Some people suffer leg cramps when taking water pills.
There is obviously a reason why your GP felt that you didn't need water pills, so I think you should consult a herbalist before you try anything else.
The doctor ordered that staff should stop treating Miss Hutchins with water pills for her swollen feet as a precaution and also that she be given new painkillers.
Both classes of CCBs can cause leg swelling which is resistant to diuretics, or water pills.
In general, low sodium levels in the bloodstream (medical term: hyponatremia, pronounced hypo-nuh-TREE-me-uh) may be linked to taking water pills, chronic diarrhea, kidney problems, or profuse sweating (medical term: hyperhidrosis).
Researchers also tracked the amount of potassium consumed, the level of potassium in the blood, and the use of water pills (diuretics).
Propelled by the growth of its core brands including its top-selling Diurex water pills and menstrual relief products, Fungicare topical antifungals and Psoriasin psoriasis relief products, Alva-Amco finished the first quarter of 2002 with very strong numbers.
My GP refused to prescribe water pills, as he feels that there may be too much strain on the kidneys due to the chemotherapy.
Calcium supplements, iron tablets, and water pills sometimes contribute to the problem, too.