(kŏksĭng`gə), Mandarin Kuo-hsing-yeh [lord of the imperial surname], 1624–62, Chinese general, whose original name was Chêng Ch'êng-kung. From 1646 to 1660 he led many unsuccessful campaigns of Ming dynasty loyalists against the invading Ch'ing dynasty. Koxinga captured (1661) part of TaiwanTaiwan , Portuguese Formosa, officially Republic of China, island nation (2005 est. pop. 22,894,000), 13,885 sq mi (35,961 sq km), in the Pacific Ocean, separated from the mainland of S China by the 100-mi-wide (161-km) Taiwan Strait. .....Click the link for more information. from the Dutch. The population of the southern coast of China was evacuated (1662) to facilitate the defense against his raids. After the death of his son Chêng Ching, Taiwan fell to the Ch'ing (1683).