Watson

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Watson

1. James Dewey. born 1928, US biologist, whose contribution to the discovery of the helical structure of DNA won him a Nobel prize for physiology or medicine shared with Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins in 1962
2. John B(roadus). 1878--1958, US psychologist; a leading exponent of behaviourism
3. John Christian. 1867--1941, Australian statesman, born in Chile: prime minister of Australia (1904)
4. Russell. born 1973, British tenor, maker of the bestselling albums The Voice (2001) and Encore (2002)
5. Tom, full name Thomas Sturges Watson. born 1949, US golfer: won the US Open Championship (1982), the British Open Championship (1975, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1983), and the World Series (1975, 1977, 1980)

Watson

The IBM supercomputer that beat two highly successful human Jeopardy winners in 2011. Watson was the result of IBM's DeepQA project which took on the challenge. Named after Tom Watson, the founder of IBM, software mined the content of 200 million pages of information in encyclopedias, dictionaries, articles, books, news, literature, taxonomies and ontologies. Using the semantic relationships from all this data, Watson accepted Jeopardy questions in natural language and derived answers in real time within a few seconds.

From Games to Practical Use
After Jeopardy, Watson was put to use making treatment decisions at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, as well as to improve the customer experience at Citibank.

The Hardware Cluster
Running SUSE Linux and Hadoop on a cluster of 90 POWER7 servers (nearly 3,000 processing cores), Watson was not online during the contest. All data were stored in its 16 terabytes of RAM for fast access. See Deep Blue.
References in classic literature ?
As a result, the pair of them went down, with all their three hundred and sixty pounds of weight, in a long crashing fall, Watson underneath.
His voice was stern and implacable, like the voice of God calling to judgment, and Watson knew there was no mercy there.
Watson blocked the kick with his crossed arms and sprang to his feet so quickly that he was in a clinch with his antagonist before the latter could strike.
The bill was now brought, when Watson paid his share, and was departing.
We now went directly to the gaming-table, where Mr Watson, to my surprize, pulled out a large sum of money and placed it before him, as did many others; all of them, no doubt, considering their own heaps as so many decoy birds, which were to intice and draw over the heaps of their neighbours.
Mr Watson too, after much variety of luck, rose from the table in some heat, and declared he had lost a cool hundred, and would play no longer.
Might I trouble you, my dear Watson, to draw a little nearer to the window, taking every precaution not to show yourself, and then to look up at our old rooms--the starting- point of so many of your little fairy-tales.
Because, my dear Watson, I had the strongest possible reason for wishing certain people to think that I was there when I was really elsewhere.
This was the first feeble sign that such a novelty as the telephone business could be established; and no money ever looked handsomer than this twenty dollars did to Bell, Sanders, Hubbard, and Watson.
This agreement gave Bell, Hubbard and Sanders a three-tenths interest apiece in the patents, and Watson one-tenth.
That was the state of things, Watson, when upon the Tuesday morning I, at the request of Major Murphy, went down to Aldershot to supplement the efforts of the police.
But really, Watson, I am keeping you up, and I might just as well tell you all this on our way to Aldershot to-morrow.