proxy server

(redirected from Web proxy)
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Related to Web proxy: Anonymous web proxy

proxy server

Computing a computer that acts as an intermediary between a client machine and a server, caching information to save access time

proxy server

[′präk·sē ‚sər·vər]
(computer science)
Software for caching and filtering Web content to reduce network traffic on intranets, and for increasing security by filtering content and restricting access.

Proxy Server

(software, security)
Microsoft's proxy server and proxy gateway, designed to provide extensible firewall and network security. Proxy Server is part of BackOffice.

proxy server

(programming, World-Wide Web)
A process providing a cache of items available on other servers which are presumably slower or more expensive to access.

This term is used particularly for a World-Wide Web server which accepts URLs with a special prefix. When it receives a request for such a URL, it strips off the prefix and looks for the resulting URL in its local cache. If found, it returns the document immediately, otherwise it fetches it from the remote server, saves a copy in the cache and returns it to the requester. The cache will usually have an expiry algorithm which flushes documents according to their age, size and access history.

Compare proxy gateway.

proxy server

Also called a "proxy," it is a computer system or router that breaks the connection between sender and receiver. Functioning as a relay between client and server, proxy servers help prevent an attacker from invading a private network and are one of several tools used to build a firewall.

The word proxy means "to act on behalf of another," and a proxy server acts on behalf of the user. All requests from clients to the Internet go to the proxy server first. The proxy evaluates the request, and if allowed, re-establishes it on the outbound side to the Internet. Likewise, responses from the Internet go to the proxy server to be evaluated. The proxy then relays the message to the client. Both client and server think they are communicating with one another, but, in fact, are dealing only with the proxy.

Address Translation and Caching
The proxy server is a dual-homed host with two network interfaces and two IP addresses. The IP address on the outbound side of the proxy is the one the Internet sees, and the address of the machine making the request is hidden to the outside world. Proxies are often used in conjunction with network address translation (NAT), which hides all the IP addresses of the client machines on the internal network. Proxy servers may also cache Web pages, so that the next request for that same page can be obtained much faster locally. See NAT and proxy cache.

Other Proxies
Anonymous proxy servers let users surf the Web and keep their IP address private (see anonymous proxy). Although not specifically called a proxy, Internet email (SMTP) is a similar concept because it forwards mail. Messages are not sent directly from client to client without going through the mail server. Likewise, the Internet's Usenet news system (NNTP) forwards messages to neighboring servers. See firewall.

Application Level and Circuit Level
Proxy servers are available for common Internet services; for example, an HTTP proxy is used for Web access; an FTP proxy is used for file transfers. Such proxies are called "application-level" proxies or "application-level gateways," because they are dedicated to a particular application and protocol and are aware of the content of the packets being sent. A generic proxy, called a "circuit-level" proxy, supports multiple applications. For example, SOCKS is IP-based circuit-level proxy server software that supports TCP and UDP applications (see SOCKS).

Forward and Reverse Proxies
In this definition, the proxy servers are used to hide the details of the clients from the servers and are thus known as "forward proxies." However, they can also reside at the website to hide the details of the servers from the clients (see reverse proxy).

A Proxy Server in a LAN
In this LAN server illustration, the proxy server sits between two routers in what is known as a "demilitarized zone." See DMZ.
References in periodicals archive ?
But there are other hidden - and not-so-hidden - issues that come from extending the web proxy service to remote users.
This means the blocking of broad Web proxy variations, URLs with inappropriate content, peer-to-peer file sharing downloads, online chats and gaming, along with spyware, viruses and worms.
On NIPRNET, those services include: Network Operations; Domain Name Service; reverse Web Proxy and Public Key Infrastructure device registration.
This paper discusses the placement of Web proxy servers.
conf file, using essential security modules and scoring tools, protecting a flawed web application, employing prevention and countermeasures, operating the open web proxy "honeypot," and putting it all together to get to the maintenance stage.
Although details won't be finalized until after the public comment period is over in January, the proposal outlines a "notice and access" model for proxy communications, sending investors a postcard telling them when and where on the Web proxy statements and corporate annual reports are posted.
We had Web proxy applications, Jabber IM, LDAP authentication and e-mail all running on individual servers, and come Monday morning, they would become unavailable with 100% average utilization on the dedicated servers.
The product integrates with the web proxy service and firewall service components of ISA Server.
Library Web Proxy Use Survey Results," Information Technology & Libraries, Dec.
This model of using a standard Web proxy server was how we initially provided authenticated remote access to our restricted electronic resources.
The ICBM for the Net's Web police is the web proxy, a program that intercepts requests for dubious websites and logs them, together with the user's identity.