Wehrmacht


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Wehrmacht

 

the name for the armed forces of fascist Germany from 1935 to 1945. The basis for the creation and development of the Wehrmacht was the Reichswehr, renamed Wehrmacht after the introduction of universal compulsory military service on Mar. 16, 1935. The Wehrmacht was headed by the Supreme High Command (OKW), to which were subordinated the land forces (das Heer),the air force (die Luftwaffe), and the navy (die Kriegsmarine). At the heads of these forces were high commands (OKH, OKL, OKM, and, from 1940, the SS forces) and the corresponding service commanders in chief. The supreme commander in chief of the Wehrmacht was Chancellor A. Hitler. On the eve of World War II, the Wehrmacht numbered about 3 million men. Its maximum strength was about 11 million men (December 1943).

References in periodicals archive ?
Like the "Good War" in the United States, the myth of the "Clean" Wehrmacht became embedded in the collective memory of the war.
While this piece of his case remains open to debate, he has produced a solid study on German anti-partisan warfare at the ground level in Yugoslavia, and opened new avenues of inquiry regarding the Wehrmacht.
Heinz was an ordinary German who became a farmer who was caught up in a geopolitical situation like many other people and was drafted into the Wehrmacht and, short of allowing himself to be shot, he didn't really have much choice.
The subsequent hunt for conspirators wreaked havoc with the German military's ability to wage a cohesive and effective defense and helped set up the eventual Allied breakout and defeat of the Wehrmacht in France by the end of the summer.
Law's book Backbone Of The Wehrmacht Volume II: Sniper Variations Of The German K98k Rifle.
In 1945, he was wounded in combat while serving in the German Wehrmacht.
Baumann narrowly escaped execution for deserting his Wehrmacht company in Bordeaux in 1942 but he endured torture after his capture and was ostracised by his fellow Germans for decades after World War II.
Marriage" stars Hanna Schygulla as a tough cookie who marries a Wehrmacht officer during the waning days of World War II.
Third, Germany's Wehrmacht and Luftwaffe were crushed well before D-Day.
The Moroccan would have to be a cross between Max Wall and a Wehrmacht soldier to achieve that feat.
The ease with which the Wehrmacht liquidated the French army in the late spring of 1940 suggests that there was something inevitable about the lopsided victory.
Do you want new explanations of why the Wehrmacht halted long enough to permit the evacuation of close to 300,000 Allied soldiers who lived to fight another day?