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Related to Welsh: Wales


a language of Wales, belonging to the S Celtic branch of the Indo-European family. Welsh shows considerable diversity between dialects


a white long-bodied lop-eared breed of pig, kept chiefly for bacon



a people living on the peninsula of Wales of Great Britain. The Welsh population is about 900,000, according to the 1970 estimate. Their native language is Welsh. Almost all Welsh people speak English. A significant number of believers belong to the Anglican Church; the other believers belong to nonconformist sects, mainly the Methodist Church.

The ancestors of the Welsh people were the Celtic tribes, the Cymru and Britons, which were driven into the hills of Wales by the Anglo-Saxons in the seventh century. Over the course of several centuries the Welsh steadily resisted their conquerors and were finally subdued only in the late 13th century. In southern Wales the people work mainly in industry (principally in the coal mines). In northern Wales the main occupation is agriculture (cattle raising). In the northern area, the Welsh language has been preserved to a certain degree, as well as indigenous features of material and spiritual culture.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965. (Bibliography.)




Cymraeg, the language of the Welsh, who inhabit the peninsula of Wales, Great Britain. There are approximately 900,000 Welsh (1970 estimate). Most are bilingual. Welsh, together with Cornish and Breton, belongs to the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages. All of these languages trace back to Common British and separated in the fifth and sixth centuries. Welsh is divided historically into Old (eighth to 11th centuries), Middle (12th to 14th centuries), and Modern (since the 15th century) Welsh. The Modern Welsh language has four dialects: Venodotian (northwestern), Powysian (northeastern, central), Demetian (southwestern), and Gwentian (southeastern). The Welsh literary language developed from the southern and central dialects. Characteristic features of Welsh include, mor-phophonologically, a well-developed system of initial consonant sound shifts and vowel alternations and a fairly simple noun system. The verb system is highly developed; a tendency to replace old synthetic forms with new analytic constructions is observed in Modern Welsh. There are many lexical borrowings from Latin. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, Welsh began to acquire official status in Wales. (Books and periodicals are published, and Welsh is taught at the university level.)


Morris-Jones, J.An Elementary Welsh Grammar. Oxford, 1953.
Collins-Spurrell Welsh Dictionary. Reedited by H. Lewis. London, 1960.


References in periodicals archive ?
For all age groups, there has been a slight increase in the percentage who report being able to speak Welsh, but not fluently.
Among the key ndings of the research, which collected data from 400 Welsh speakers, were that about 25% of participants who use Welsh regularly in "real life" use either English only or more English than Welsh on social media sites, 95% say they would like to use more Welsh when on such sites.
But Welsh has changed dramatically - in locations and frequency at which it is spoken; and in its idioms, syntax, and vocabulary.
It gives a real sense of importance and occasion as you arrive, at plinth level (magnificently built in Welsh slate, cleaved and pillared to show off the quality of the material).
Instead, HCC, recently devolved from the MLC, would build on Welsh meat's reputation for quality, setting Welsh meat up as a quality-assured brand, he said.
The modern Welsh independence movement began in earnest in the 1950s when groups such as Y Gweriniaethwyr (Free Wales Army) started to form small armies.
Welsh describes the smackhead as a "closet romantic," someone who refuses to accept life's limitations.
Welsh served for many years at the Ohio Highway Patrol Training Academy as an instructor and administrator.
Tony's impressive operational and strategic background and significant experience in the healthcare sector make him an ideal fit for Welsh Carson, and we are delighted to add him to our deep bench of senior operating executives as we look to take full advantage of our leadership positions in the information & business services and healthcare sectors," said Paul B.
Secretary Denise Stone said: "Welsh learners are telling me the best way to improve their Welsh is to talk Welsh by having a Welsh only conversation evening over a cup of tea and a chat here at the village hall.