Welsh


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Welsh

1
a language of Wales, belonging to the S Celtic branch of the Indo-European family. Welsh shows considerable diversity between dialects

Welsh

2
a white long-bodied lop-eared breed of pig, kept chiefly for bacon

Welsh

 

a people living on the peninsula of Wales of Great Britain. The Welsh population is about 900,000, according to the 1970 estimate. Their native language is Welsh. Almost all Welsh people speak English. A significant number of believers belong to the Anglican Church; the other believers belong to nonconformist sects, mainly the Methodist Church.

The ancestors of the Welsh people were the Celtic tribes, the Cymru and Britons, which were driven into the hills of Wales by the Anglo-Saxons in the seventh century. Over the course of several centuries the Welsh steadily resisted their conquerors and were finally subdued only in the late 13th century. In southern Wales the people work mainly in industry (principally in the coal mines). In northern Wales the main occupation is agriculture (cattle raising). In the northern area, the Welsh language has been preserved to a certain degree, as well as indigenous features of material and spiritual culture.

REFERENCE

Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965. (Bibliography.)

I. N. GROZDOVA


Welsh

 

Cymraeg, the language of the Welsh, who inhabit the peninsula of Wales, Great Britain. There are approximately 900,000 Welsh (1970 estimate). Most are bilingual. Welsh, together with Cornish and Breton, belongs to the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages. All of these languages trace back to Common British and separated in the fifth and sixth centuries. Welsh is divided historically into Old (eighth to 11th centuries), Middle (12th to 14th centuries), and Modern (since the 15th century) Welsh. The Modern Welsh language has four dialects: Venodotian (northwestern), Powysian (northeastern, central), Demetian (southwestern), and Gwentian (southeastern). The Welsh literary language developed from the southern and central dialects. Characteristic features of Welsh include, mor-phophonologically, a well-developed system of initial consonant sound shifts and vowel alternations and a fairly simple noun system. The verb system is highly developed; a tendency to replace old synthetic forms with new analytic constructions is observed in Modern Welsh. There are many lexical borrowings from Latin. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, Welsh began to acquire official status in Wales. (Books and periodicals are published, and Welsh is taught at the university level.)

REFERENCES

Morris-Jones, J.An Elementary Welsh Grammar. Oxford, 1953.
Collins-Spurrell Welsh Dictionary. Reedited by H. Lewis. London, 1960.

A. A. KOROLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Retail promotion and development continue to be a priority and as a result of commitment and hard work major announcements will take place from retailers working closely with the Guild of Welsh Lamb & Beef Suppliers, stating they are stocking Welsh lamb and Welsh beef.
IanHancock As a Welsh speaker it saddens me to hear you say that.
When I moved to Nottingham in 2009, she joined the city's Welsh Society, and also watched S4C programmes online using subtitles," she said.
Welsh Carson has been advised by Citigroup Corporate and Investment Banking and Lehman Brothers Inc.
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And 65% believe the "interface" language of social media sites inuences their use of the Welsh language to a certain level.
Microsoft's Steve Beswick said: "We are proud to be working with the Welsh Language Board to combine the modern technology within Vista and Office with the vibrancy and heritage of the Welsh language.
He joined First Data in 1995 as part of First Data's acquisition of Card Establishment Services (CES), a Welsh Carson portfolio company at the time of the sale.
For years the agenda has been controlled by the Welsh Language lobbyists, and it is about time that the whole population of Wales were asked their opinion about the spending of public funds on promoting the Welsh Language.
While 95% in this age group said they would welcome the opportunity to do more in Welsh and 68% wished they could speak it better, 28% agreed that "Welsh language culture can seem a bit irrelevant at times".
Instead, the 1993 Welsh Language Act refers to Welsh and English being treated "equally".