Welsh Marches


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Welsh Marches,

lands in Wales along the English border. After the Norman conquest of England in the 11th cent., William I established the border earldoms of Chester, Shrewsbury, and Hereford to protect his English kingdom. Norman barons were encouraged by William's successors to conquer and hold other earldoms in the east of Wales. These nobles ruled as petty feudal princes, owing allegiance only to the king. Attempts to control the resulting lawlessness were made by Edward I and by Edward IV, who set up the Council of Wales and the Marches in 1471. Finally the act of Union (1536) abolished the more than 100 marcher lordships, providing for their division into Welsh shires or their incorporation into English counties.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nevertheless, this book is a positive contribution to our knowledge and understanding of the Welsh Marches, and will spur further debate on medieval concepts of the frontier.
of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign) looks at pageants, poems, and prose works created in the county of Cheshire, for centuries the northern bulwark of the Welsh Marches, in order to critique pre-modern and early modern English national identity from the perspective of an explicitly regional literature.
Setting out from London, the engine steamed to Bristol then on to Penzance and Plymouth before heading north through the Welsh Marches to Preston.
com), situated in the Welsh Marches, is a terrific alternative.
Initially the Celts were pushed back to the west of the River Severn, and the Welsh Marches were contested by both Saxon and Welsh chieftains or minor kings.
On a hillside, standing sentinel over one of the most beautiful valleys on the Welsh Marches, stands the ancient and weather-beaten church of St Mary's, Pilleth.
Having left Cornwall eight years ago, he now lives opposite the home of his son Ted on the Welsh Marches near Welshpool.
We kick off the series with the area known as The Welsh Marches, starting from the Roman town of Chester.
Somerfield is also talking to beef suppliers in the Derbyshire Peak District and a group of beef and lamb producers in the Welsh Marches, and is interested in South West Quality Meats.
Moving in his narrative perambulations from Cornwall and Devonshire into Wessex, the Home Counties, the Midlands, Wales, and the North, Camden therefore named tenants who held under William I and described their holdings: in the southern regions, the Conqueror's half brother Robert Earl of Moriton (who held Pevensey Castle, among other properties), the Conqueror's brother Odo (Bishop of Bayeux and Earl of Kent), William Fitz-Osborne, and Walter de Euereux; in the Midlands, Ferrers, Stafford, Grantmaisnil, and d'Abtot; in the Welsh Marches, Roger de Montgomery, Hugh Lupus, and Robert Fitz-Hamon; an d, in the North, Ranulph de Mechines and his brother Galfridus.
The historical basis for the tale of Fouke le Fitz Waryn, which we have in a prose redaction of the fourteenth century of a possibly rhymed antecedent, is the politically volatile situation in the Welsh marches in the early years of the thirteenth century.

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