Wendell Phillips


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Phillips, Wendell

 

Born Nov. 29, 1811, in Boston; died there Feb. 2, 1884. US public figure; one of the leaders of the abolitionist movement.

Phillips was educated in law at Harvard University. In the late 1830’s he became a traveling agent and later one of the leaders of the American Antislavery Society, acting as its president from 1865 to 1870. He became famous as an outstanding orator. In 1860, Phillips was sharply critical of the Republican Party and Abraham Lincoln. During the Civil War he was a supporter of extreme measures for conducting the war, and during Reconstruction he proposed that the rebel leaders be banished from the country and that their lands be confiscated and distributed among the former slaves.

In the 1870’s Phillips joined the working-class movement. He proposed a program that provided for the overthrow of the system of hired labor, the abolishment of capitalist corporations and privileged classes, and the introduction of an eight-hour workday. He supported independent political action by the working class without grasping, however, the integral system of scientific socialism. In 1871 he declared his solidarity with the Paris Commune; he associated himself with the First International. Phillips declared his sympathy with the revolutionary movement in Russia in 1881.

WORKS

Speeches, Lectures and Letters, series 1–2. Boston-New York, 1863–91.

REFERENCES

Marx, K. “Abolitsionistskie vystupleniia v Amerike.” K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 15.
Engels, F. A. Bebeliu. (Letter.) K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 35, pp. 142–43.
Zakharova, M. N. Narodnoe dvizhenie v SShA protiv rabstva, 1831–1860. Moscow, 1965. Pages 75–76,126,400–07.
Sherwin, O. Prophet of Liberty. New York, 1958.

M. N. ZAKHAROVA

References in classic literature ?
Haitian bloodshed became an argument to show the barbarous nature of the Negro, a doctrine Wendell Phillips sought to combat in his celebrated lecture on Toussaint L'Ouverture.
As American abolitionist Wendell Phillips said, 'eternal vigilance is the price of liberty,' and 'the manna of popular liberty must be gathered each day or it is rotten.
Yet Chatelain offers convincing cases that childhood for African Americans was made possible by such schools as the Wendell Phillips High School, one of the few excellent secondary public schools for blacks.
En cuarto lugar encontramos una carta que envio Thoreau a The Liberator, donde se refiere a la integridad moral de Wendell Phillips.
The first section of the exhibition shows vintage photographic portraits of the soldiers, the people who recruited them--including the noted abolitionists Frederick Douglass, Wendell Phillips, Charles Lenox Remond, and Sojourner Truth--and the women who nursed, taught, and guided them, such as Clara Barton, Charlotte Forten, and Harriet Tubman.
As Wendell Phillips reminded the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society in 1852, "Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty.
Hers is a tale of the ideological, political, and often intensely personal disputes that pitted former political allies in the abolitionist cause--including Wendell Phillips, Lucy Stone, Frederick Douglass, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Susan B.
Wendell Phillips, a nineteenth century abolitionist and advocate of women's rights, is reported to have said, "The Puritan's idea of hell is a place where everybody has to mind his own business.
His "fight against capitalism was inspired as much by Tom Paine, Walt Whitman, and Wendell Phillips as it was by Karl Marx.
The narratives of William Wells Brown, Charles Wyllys Elliott, James Theodore Holly, John Mercer Langston, and Wendell Phillips differed from those of British abolitionists in a number of respects.
Most Americans would probably agree with the 19th century abolitionist Wendell Phillips that ''eternal vigilance is the price of liberty.
Humez addresses the 10 or 11 successful trips--the first in 1850--that Tubman made to the South to liberate her enslaved counterparts; her relationships with prominent white and black abolitionists, including Frederick Douglass, Wendell Phillips, Franklin Sanborn, Gerrit Smith, Thomas Garrett, Henry Fowler, Lucretia Mott, John Brown, Sarah Hopkins Bradford, and members of both the Underground Railroad community in western New York State and the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society; and her role in the bourgeoning anti-slavery speaking circuit.