Wenders, Wim

Wenders, Wim,

1945–, German filmmaker, b. Düsseldorf. During the late 1960s he attended film school and worked as a film critic in Munich. Wenders first attracted attention with The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick (1971), a film whose themes of alienation and rootlessness are subsequently echoed in Alice in the Cities (1973), Kings of the Road (1975), and many of his other works. His first truly successful feature was Paris, Texas (1984), a haunting search-for-identity story (with a screenplay by Sam ShepardShepard, Sam,
1943–2017, one of the major American playwrights and actors of his era, b. Fort Sheridan, Ill., as Samuel Shepard Rogers 3d. A product of the 1960s counterculture and an important figure in that era's Off-Broadway movement, Shepard combined wild humor,
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) set in the American Southwest. Wenders' elegant Wings of Desire (1987), filmed in black-and-white and color, with a screenplay by Peter HandkeHandke, Peter
, 1942–, Austrian novelist and playwright. His controversial, avant-garde works often reflect his ironic sense of the constricting limitations of language and reason and the chaos of actual human experience. His plays include Kaspar (1968, tr.
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, tells of a Berlin angel's desire for the vividness of human experience. Wenders achieved international popularity with Buena Vista Social Club (1999), a documentary featuring a group of superb but aging Cuban musicians, and his 3D Pina (2011) immerses viewers in dances by the choreographer Pina BauschBausch, Pina
, 1940–2009, German dancer and choreographer. After training with Kurt Jooss, she studied in New York with Antony Tudor, Paul Taylor, José Limón, and Paul Sanasardo.
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. Other films include The American Friend (1977), Hammett (1982), Until the End of the World (1991), and The End of Violence (1997). His documentary The Salt of the Earth (2014) examines the art of Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado. Wenders also is a still photographer and painter.


See his The Act of Seeing (1997) and Wim Wenders on Film: Essays and Conversations (2001); studies by R. P. Kolker (1993), R. F. Cook and G. Gemunden, ed. (1997), and R. Bromley (2001).