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the language of the Wends, who live in Dresden and Cottbus districts in the German Democratic Republic. The number of Wendish-speaking people is approximately 100,000 (1970, estimate).

Wendish belongs to the western branch of the Slavic languages. It is broken down into two groups of dialects—Upper Wendish in the south and Lower Wendish in the north, with a wide zone of transitional dialects. The written language appeared in the 16th century. There are two literary languages, Upper and Lower Wendish, differing in phonetics (for example, trawa or tsawa, “grass,” and njesc or njasc, “to carry”), morphology (for example, the category of masculine person of the noun, the verb, and other parts of speech in Upper Wendish and the absence of it in Lower Wendish; the absence of the supine form in Upper vocabulary (for example, ćisla or, twarc “carpenter,” and žbofo or gluka, “happiness”), syntax, and word formation. In the opinion of a number of linguists, Wendish is the aggregate of the two languages, Upper Wendish and Lower Wendish.


Trofymovych, K. K. Serboluzhyts’ka mova. L’vov, 1964.
Kalnyn’, L. E. Tipologiia zvukovykh dialektnykh razlichii v nizhneluzhitskom iazyke. Moscow, 1967.
Fasske, H., H. Jentsch, and S. Michalk. SorbischerSprachatlas, vols. 1-3. Bautzen, 1965-70.
Schuster-Šewc, H. Bibliographic der sorbischen Sprachwissenschaft. Bautzen, 1966.
Šewc, H. Gramatika hornjoserbskeje r$de. Bautzen, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
Although the Wends had come to Texas to preserve the Wendish language, they found German and English useful for doing business in their new country.
Wendish Texans also settled in small towns in Central Texas as well as in Austin, Houston and the Rio Grande Valley.
Paul still has an active congregation and is a crucial part of Wendish Fest.
In a pavilion at the festival, Evelyn Buchhorn demonstrated how her ancestors made Wendish noodles by hand, measuring water for the dough by the half-eggshell.
You make noodles," explained Buchhorn, who wore a button that said Trendish 2 B Wendish.
Across the festival grounds in the Texas Wendish Heritage Museum library, visitors like Russell Schwausch, 64, of Austin flipped through binders of records and photos to learn about their genealogy.
He said he did not know he was Wendish until he was in his 20s.
Goeke, who decades ago began recording oral histories of Wendish Texans, is interested in reviving Wendish traditions like the Birds' Wedding (Ptaci Kwas).
Once people find out they're Wendish, they want to know more.
Still, he said his own grown children did not have time to invest in Wendish heritage endeavors because "they get caught up in life.