Werner Arber


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Arber, Werner

(vĕr`nər är`bər), 1929–, Swiss microbiologist. A professor at the Univ. of Geneva (1960–70) and later at the Univ. of Basel (1971–), Arber worked with Daniel NathansNathans, Daniel,
1928–99, American microbiologist, b. Wilmington, Del., M.D. Washington Univ., St. Louis, 1954. He became a professor at Johns Hopkins in 1962. Nathans worked with Werner Arber and Hamilton Othanel Smith in studying the nature of genes.
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 and Hamilton Othanel SmithSmith, Hamilton Othanel,
1931–, American biologist, b. New York City, M.D. Johns Hopkins, 1956. A professor at the Univ. of Michigan and Johns Hopkins, Smith worked with Daniel Nathans and Werner Arber studying the nature of genes.
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 to understand the nature of genes. The trio discovered and used certain enzymes that break down genetic material in order to study hereditary mutation in bacteria. For their work the three shared the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pontifical Academy of Sciences, launched in 1603 and located in Vatican City, which includes many Nobel laureates with Werner Arber as President, claims to be the first exclusively scientific academy in the world.
Werner Arber (Medecine, 1978), Paul Crutzen (Chemistry, 1955), Christian Duve (Medecine, 1974), Jean-Marie Lehn (Chemistry, 1987), Hartmut Michel (Chemistry, 1988), Robert Huber (Chemistry, 1988), Richard Ernst (Chemistry, 1991), Max Perutz (Chemistry, 1992), Georges Porter (Chemistry, 1967), Heinrich Rohrer (Physics, 1986), Martinus Veltman (Physics, 1999) and John Walker (Chemistry, 1997).
In a new report for the World Bank, eight scientists - among them Werner Arber, a Nobel Prize winner and head of the International Council of Scientific Unions - advised the bank to fund genetic engineering research products, stressing the safety of biotechnology and the need to help feed the growing world population.