Werner Arber


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

Arber, Werner

(vĕr`nər är`bər), 1929–, Swiss microbiologist. A professor at the Univ. of Geneva (1960–70) and later at the Univ. of Basel (1971–), Arber worked with Daniel NathansNathans, Daniel,
1928–99, American microbiologist, b. Wilmington, Del., M.D. Washington Univ., St. Louis, 1954. He became a professor at Johns Hopkins in 1962. Nathans worked with Werner Arber and Hamilton Othanel Smith in studying the nature of genes.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Hamilton Othanel SmithSmith, Hamilton Othanel,
1931–, American biologist, b. New York City, M.D. Johns Hopkins, 1956. A professor at the Univ. of Michigan and Johns Hopkins, Smith worked with Daniel Nathans and Werner Arber studying the nature of genes.
..... Click the link for more information.
 to understand the nature of genes. The trio discovered and used certain enzymes that break down genetic material in order to study hereditary mutation in bacteria. For their work the three shared the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the surveillance of 14 Nobel laureates namely Werner ARBER, Gunter BLOBEL, Christian DE DUV, Leo ESAKI, Pierre-Gilles de GENNES, Ivar GIAEVER, Robert HUBER, Harold KROTO, Jean-Marie LEHN, Hartmut MICHEL, Ferid MURAD, Ilya PRIGOGINE, Jens C.
Microbiologist and geneticist Werner Arber shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Hamilton Smith and Daniel Nathans for the discovery of restriction endonucleases, which recognise sequences in DNA.
Pontifical Academy of Sciences, launched in 1603 and located in Vatican City, which includes many Nobel laureates with Werner Arber as President, claims to be the first exclusively scientific academy in the world.