West African Subregion

West African Subregion


a zoogeographical subregion of the Ethiopian Region, comprising the wet tropical forests (rain forests) of West Africa. The fauna of the subregion, in its most characteristic forms, is found in the basins of the Congo and lower Niger. The West African Subregion is distinguished by its numerous species of climbing animals, many of which dwell in treetops. Forest fauna developed in West African forests, which are among the world’s major tropical forests. Although there are very few endemic families, there are a substantial number of endemic genera.

Endemic mammals of the subregion include scaly-tailed squirrels of the family Anomaluridae, otter shrews, several species of bats, pottos, and several species of marmosets. Anthropoid apes—gorillas and chimpanzees—also inhabit the subregion. Although ungulates are more prevalent in the East African Subregion, some highly unusual forms are found in the West African Subregion. These include the pygmy hippopotamus, a distinctive species of boar, the water chevrotain, and the okapi. The manatee dwells in the basin of the lower Congo. Several species of birds and snakes, as well as a genus of crocodiles, are endemic to the subregion. Many species that inhabit the West African Subregion are not found in any other area of Africa. However, similar species of chevrotains, anthropoid apes, peacocks, and hornbills are found in the Indo-Malayan Region or on Madagascar. They are evidently relicts of ancient tropical forest fauna.


Geptner, V. G.Obshchaia zoogeografiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936.
Bobrinskii, N. A., L. A. Zenkevich, and la. A. Birshtein. Geografiia zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1946.


References in periodicals archive ?
A stable political environment within the West African subregion, with established democratic institutions and systems to ensure good governance Abundant, adaptable and easily trainable labour force
This demonstrates the significant pressure that was brought to bear on President Obasanjo, irrespective of his personal and leadership obligations to the West African subregion.
The carrier said it "plans to cover the West African subregion before making a foray into the entire African continent" and eventually plans to operate 40 international flights per day.
The West African subregion may not yet have the political, military, or economic means to accomplish the strategic objectives it has set for itself.
These were genuine grievances as Bonny had become one of the most degraded urban communities in the entire West African subregion.
Today, ComSys owns and maintains a state of the art Nationwide MPLS-based Data Network in Ghana, built on metropolitan fibre and microwave platforms, a satellite (VSAT) network within Ghana and the West African subregion and is connected Internationally on all major submarine cables to any major location in the world.
Liberia but the whole West African subregion, and therefore, he must be
Ghana and Senegal are the only countries with the most favourable coastlines for salt winning in the West African subregion, however, this advantage has not been exploited.

Full browser ?