Southwest Asia

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Southwest Asia

 

(in Russian, Western, or Anterior, Asia), a group of natural lands, including Asia Minor, the Armenian and Iranian uplands, Mesopotamia, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Levant. Located within its bounds are the Caucasus and the Kopet Dag (USSR), the Asiatic part of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Kuwait, the Asiatic part of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the Yemeni Arab Republic, the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen, Qatar, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrein.

The northern regions of Southwest Asia (the Anterior Asian Uplands) constitute one of the links in the Mediterranean geosynclinal belt, in which young folded structures frame older stable interior massifs. This factor also led to the formation of a typical upland terrain with higher rim ranges and comparatively lower interior plateaus. The Arabian Peninsula and the Levant are related to the ancient platform structure of Gondwana, and in their geological and geomorphological characteristics they are close to the adjacent regions of Africa. The plains of Mesopotamia were formed on the site of the piedmont downwarp that originated between alpine structures in the north and platform structures in the south.

A commonly shared natural trait is the predominance of arid landforms with a broad expanse (particularly in the south) of deserts, semideserts, and dry steppes, as well as the presence of enormous areas without internal drainage. Only the shores of the Mediterranean, Black, and the southern part of the Caspian seas, as well as the southwestern part of the Arabian Peninsula and certain mountain regions, are characterized by better moisture conditions, which determine the spread of subtropical and (in the Arabian Peninsula) tropical forest and shrub formations.

Outstanding among the valuable minerals in Southwest Asia are the major deposits of petroleum (for the most part, in the basin of the Persian Gulf and on the Apsheron Peninsula). Pastureland plays an important role in the agriculture of most of the Southwest Asian countries by determining the development of extensive livestock raising (which in many regions is nomadic).

The Arabian Peninsula and Mesopotamia form what is called Southwest Asia in Russian geography.

References in periodicals archive ?
In relevant remarks in December 2017, Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araqchi said that "water diplomacy" is the most important necessity in water-hungry West Asia and this should be dealt with as a "security" issue.
ISLAMABAD -- The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has appointed Werner Liepach as the new Director General for its Central and West Asia Department (CWRD).
ISLAMABAD:The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has appointed Werner Liepach as the new Director General for its Central and West Asia Department (CWRD).
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LAHORE -- The Baseball Federation of Asia (BFA) has elected president of its Pakistan chapter, Fakhar Ali Shah, as director of West Asia Baseball during its meeting held in Yilan, Taiwan on Wednesday.
Pump manufacturer Grundfos has announced the appointment of Okay BarutAaAaAe to the role of group senior vice president and regional managing director of Grundfos East Europe, West Asia, Middle East and Africa region.
Grundfos, a leading pump manufacturer, has appointed Okay BarutAaAaAeAou the role of group senior vice president and regional managing director of Grundfos East Europe, West Asia, Middle East & Africa region.
He said Pakistan is at the intersection of South Asia, China and Central and West Asia and it can connect three billion people in one big economic zone.
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26 (BNA): Bahrain Weightlifting Association has congratulated the Wise Leadership on the occasion of Bahrain's achievement of nine medals during West Asia Weightlifting Championship2017.
Ambassador of Nepal to Oman Sharmila Parajuli Dhakal (left) and Head of West Asia Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Oman, Hilah Marhoon al-Mammari exchange the MoU on behalf of the respective governments, in Muscat late on Wednesday
Speaking on the occasion, Advisor and Head CWOD-PSG and West Asia Department of ADB, Nianshian Zhang said that ADB was committed to promoting gender equality.

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