Southwest Asia

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Southwest Asia

 

(in Russian, Western, or Anterior, Asia), a group of natural lands, including Asia Minor, the Armenian and Iranian uplands, Mesopotamia, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Levant. Located within its bounds are the Caucasus and the Kopet Dag (USSR), the Asiatic part of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Kuwait, the Asiatic part of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the Yemeni Arab Republic, the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen, Qatar, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrein.

The northern regions of Southwest Asia (the Anterior Asian Uplands) constitute one of the links in the Mediterranean geosynclinal belt, in which young folded structures frame older stable interior massifs. This factor also led to the formation of a typical upland terrain with higher rim ranges and comparatively lower interior plateaus. The Arabian Peninsula and the Levant are related to the ancient platform structure of Gondwana, and in their geological and geomorphological characteristics they are close to the adjacent regions of Africa. The plains of Mesopotamia were formed on the site of the piedmont downwarp that originated between alpine structures in the north and platform structures in the south.

A commonly shared natural trait is the predominance of arid landforms with a broad expanse (particularly in the south) of deserts, semideserts, and dry steppes, as well as the presence of enormous areas without internal drainage. Only the shores of the Mediterranean, Black, and the southern part of the Caspian seas, as well as the southwestern part of the Arabian Peninsula and certain mountain regions, are characterized by better moisture conditions, which determine the spread of subtropical and (in the Arabian Peninsula) tropical forest and shrub formations.

Outstanding among the valuable minerals in Southwest Asia are the major deposits of petroleum (for the most part, in the basin of the Persian Gulf and on the Apsheron Peninsula). Pastureland plays an important role in the agriculture of most of the Southwest Asian countries by determining the development of extensive livestock raising (which in many regions is nomadic).

The Arabian Peninsula and Mesopotamia form what is called Southwest Asia in Russian geography.

References in periodicals archive ?
AT A time when Indian authorities are making the last- ditch effort to rescue the remaining two professors abducted by terror group ISIS, debt trap is forcing many Indians evacuated by the government to go back to the trouble spots in West Asia for better jobs.
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A brief will be given by a number of DERASAT's researchers about the future and nature of economic relations between East and West Asia, particularly Asian countries' major reliance on the Gulf oil.
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The event was held at the Intercontinental hotel Doha was an opportunity for the confederations from West Asia to learn best practice in match competition and football facilities management.
The meeting discussed ways to support sports cooperation regarding the development of the triathlon in the West Asia region, Sheikh Fahad said in a press statement.
Super fast railways running across the Korean Peninsula in Northeast Asia, connecting China and West Asia as well as South Asia, have also been scheduled.
The company is planning to evolve as a key technology partner for companies with digital transformation initiatives, in West Asia.
Summary: Foreign direct investment flows to Lebanon dropped 23 percent in 2013 while those to the West Asia region declined by 9 percent compared to the previous year, the UNCTAD World Investment Report 2014 showed.
31 (SUNA) - Vice-President of the Republic, Hassabo Mohammed Abdul Rahman has concluded several days official visit to China during which he led Sudan delegation to Deliberatory Forum on the Future Vision for Development between China, West Asia and North Africa which was held in China during May.
The meetings were attended by Sheikh Salim bin Abdullah bin Burham Ba Omar, Head of the East Asia Department at the Foreign Ministry, Sheikh Abdullah bin Saleh al-Sa'adi, Sultanate's ambassador to the People's Republic of China and Abdul Salam bin Mohammed al-Murshadi, CEO of the State General Reserve Fund (SGRF) whilst it was attended from the Chinese side by Head of the West Asia and North Africa Department and a number of officials at the Chinese Foreign Affairs Ministry.
22 ( ANI ): In a session titled 'Transformations in West Asia: The Next Steps', leading experts from around the world, specializing on the subject of West Asia, examined the socio-economic trends and political transitions in the region.

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