West Prussia


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Related to West Prussia: East Prussia, Posen

West Prussia,

Ger. Westpreussen, former province of Prussia, 9,867 sq mi (25,556 sq km), NE Germany, extending S from the Baltic Sea, between Pomerania on the west and East Prussia on the east. Danzig was the capital. The larger part of the region belonged to Poland until the Polish partitions of 1772 and 1793 and included Pomerelia (Ger. Pommerellen; see PomeraniaPomerania
, region of N central Europe, extending along the Baltic Sea from a line W of Stralsund, Germany, to the Vistula River in Poland. From 1919 to 1939, Pomerania was divided among Germany, Poland, and the Free City of Danzig (Gdańsk).
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). The province also included, prior to World War I, the western portion of originally East Prussian territory, including the cities of Elbing, Marienburg, and Marienwerder. The Treaty of Versailles (1919) gave most of West Prussia to Poland (see Polish CorridorPolish Corridor,
strip of German territory awarded to newly independent Poland by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The strip, 20 to 70 mi (32–112 km) wide, gave Poland access to the Baltic Sea.
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) and made Danzig and its environs a free city. The remainder of West Prussia was divided between the Prussian province of Grenzmark Posen-West Prussia and the district of West Prussia, incorporated with the province of East Prussia. The whole territory was again annexed to Germany at the outbreak (1939) of World War II, but in 1945 the Potsdam Conference placed it under Polish administration, where it has remained since.

West Prussia

a former province of NE Prussia, on the Baltic: assigned to Poland in 1945
References in periodicals archive ?
12) Unlike in Poznati and West Prussia, in the 1870s the Center was able to take advantage of the Kulturkampf's anti-Catholic atmosphere and the subsequent Catholic solidarity it created to gain the support of most Upper Silesian Catholics, German and Polish alike.
Whereas resistance to the Kulturkampf increasingly led Poles in Poznan and West Prussia to support Polish nationalists who represented not "Prussian, not German, but only Polish interests," in Upper Silesia Polish-speaking voters turned toward the Center.
Recognizing each other's respective strengths in Upper Silesia and in Poznan and West Prussia, the two parties did not run competing candidates in any districts, and even actively campaigned for each other to defeat their common political enemies.
Bismarck signaled the policy shift in a December 1884 speech to the Reichstag in which he suggested that the Kulturkampf had not begun as an effort to combat Catholic influence in general but rather "this whole polonising activity of the priesthood" that had led the grandchildren of true Germans in Upper Silesia and West Prussia to consider themselves Polish.
37) Although these measures were less than successful in countering demographic trends and converting Polish- to German-speakers in Upper Silesia, they did succeed in officially defining Upper Silesian Poles--along with Poles in Poznan and West Prussia who suffered under more repressive measures--as outside the German nation and the Prussian state.
This development, however, was spurred by a number of different factors: the renewed Prussian anti-Polish campaign, the growth and vitriol of German nationalist extra-parliamentary organizations, and the attention paid to Upper Silesia by Polish nationalists who themselves were becoming increasingly aggressive in their campaigning and increasingly popular in Poznan and West Prussia.
Unlike in Poznan or West Prussia, where separatist, specifically "Polish" parties claimed to speak for Polish concerns, in Upper Silesia German and Polish moderates within the Center tried to accommodate the increasingly Polish-conscious population of the region.
79) Yet even strongly nationalist Polish publishers in Upper Silesia had different aspirations from those espoused in Poznan and West Prussia.
111) It was this process that, in the end, drove Polish voters "away from the Center" and into their own separate parties associated with--but not equivalent to--the more separatist Polish parties of Poznari and West Prussia.
Wilzig and his family moved to Berlin in 1936, hoping that conditions would be more tolerable there than in the small town of his birth in Krojanke, West Prussia, which had a thriving Orthodox Jewish community.

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