Western Carpathians


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Western Carpathians

 

the western, highest, and broadest part of the Carpathians in Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Hungary. Length, approximately 400 km; width, over 200 km. They consist of several ranges and isolated massifs, generally south west-northeast. The middle-altitude ranges of the West Beskids extend to the north. The central part of the Western Carpathians consists of a number of high and middle-altitude massifs (the High Tatra, the Low Tatra, the Vel’ka Fatra), which are composed mainly of granite, gneiss, and other crystalline rocks, as well as of limestone, and are separated by deep hollows. The upper part of the mountains have alpine forms of terrain and glacial lakes. Mount Gerlachovka (2,655 m), the highest in the Carpathians, is in the High Tatra. The southern part of the Western Carpathians is formed of middle-altitude, flattop massifs composed of crystalline rock, volcanic rock, and limestone (the Slovak Ore Mountains, the Stiavnicke Mountains, Biikk, Matra). The lower slopes have broad-leaved and mixed forests (primarily oak and beech), the northern slopes and the middle mountain zone have mixed and coniferous forests, and the upper mountain regions have alpine meadows. The forest flora and fauna are protected in preserves and national parks (there are bears, red deer, roe, wild boar, wolves, lynx, and other animals), the largest of which is the Tatra National Park in Czechoslovakia and Poland.

N. N. RYBIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The GPS geodynamic MORAVA network was established in 1994 for the purpose of monitoring the crustal movements at contact zone between the Bohemian Massif and the Western Carpathians.
2008: Forest vegetation of the last full-glacial period in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia and Czech Republic).
2012, The impact of Outer Western Carpathian nappe tectonics on the recent stress-strain state in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Moravosilesian Zone, Bohemian Massif).
Joint results of studies of dynamics of the Western Carpathians lithosphere based on geodetical and geophysical data confirm recent activity of some parts of the Moravian territory.
Thirty years of monitoring data has proved the active and continuing development of two large deep-seated slope deformations in Mala Fatra and Velka Fatra, Western Carpathians.
The area is situated in the Outer Western Carpathians with base rocks built by tectonic Raca unit of the Magura Nappe which formed during Eocene--Paleocene.
1966, Views on the geomorphological development of the Polish Western Carpathians during the Quaternary, in: Geomorphological Problems of Carpathians, vol.
More locally, certain studies have examined tectonic block stability within the caves of the Western Carpathians (e.
to 12 s) belongs to the so-called deep reflection seismic section crossing all area between the Moldanubian to the Danube basin in the Western Carpathians.
Four surfaces in the OWC and 4 to 6 in the Inner Western Carpathians (IWC) have been distinguished (cf.
Both transect cross those areas of the Polish Western Carpathians which show diversified Quaternary movements (Fig.
1989, Basin opening in the lower miocene strike-slip zone in the SW part of the Western Carpathians, Geologica Carphatica, 40 (1), Bratislava, 37-62.

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