The Western Roman Empire
was under constant attack from nomadic tribes and had severe economic problems.
Acknowledged by many as the oldest republic in the world, it is the sole survivor of the independent states that existed in Italy at various times from the downfall of the Western Roman Empire
to the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.
Segedunum is also the only fort in the western Roman Empire
where the complete ground plan of a fort can be viewed from a 35-metre tower and it is the most excavated fort within the World Heritage Site of Hadrian's Wall.
His most astonishing (and miraculous) achievement came in 452 when Leo somehow convinced Attila the Hun and his horde to withdraw behind the Danube River, freeing the Western Roman Empire
from that onslaught.
He also acknowledges that for a thousand years, from the fifth to the fifteenth centuries, European power declined after the fall of the Western Roman empire
While the western Roman Empire
and Christendom were going through the chaotic fifth to ninth centuries, in the east, Christendom was growing, helped by the general prosperity of the Byzantine Empire (330-1453).
From the fall of the Western Roman Empire
, Western Europe was characterized by multiple statehood, whatever the theories of imperial and papal sovereignty.
The poem is chiefly interesting for the light it throws on the ideology of the pagan landowning aristocracy of the rapidly disintegrating Western Roman Empire
Far and away the most admirable of the western Emperors in the fifth century, Majorian was able, intelligent, and conscientious; his legislation marks him as Emperor of above-average ability, responsible for the last burst of glory of the Western Roman Empire
This book collects scholarly essays on various subjects, which are united by a shared interest in changing meanings and hybrid forms in the languages, arts, and cultures of Late Antiquity in both the Eastern and Western Roman Empire