Western Rumanian Mountains

Western Rumanian Mountains

 

a part of the Carpathian mountain system in western Rumania. The mountains are bounded in the west by the Central Danubian Depression, in the north by the valley of the Someş, River, in the east by the Transylvanian Plateau, and in the south by the valley of the Mureş River. The mountains are composed of granite, crystalline schists, limestone, and volcanic rock; this has resulted in extremely diverse topographical forms. Several mountain ranges are distinguished within the Western Rumanian Mountains: the central plateau-shaped Bihor Massif, with heights up to 1,848 m; the calcareous Trascău (up to 1,370 m) and Metalici (up to 1,438 m) mountains; in the west, the Codru (1,112m) and Zărand Pădurea Crai (under 1,000 m) mountains; and in the north, the Mezeş, Plopiş, and Făget mountains. Mountain meadows, used as pastures for sheep, are found on flat ridges. Below, there are coniferous and beech forests and, in the western foreland areas, oak groves. Broad valleys and intermountain basins with brown forest soils are under cultivation. Timber is cut in the mountains. Deposits of gold, silver, polymetals, and mercury are found in the Metalici Mountains; there are also deposits of bauxites. There is quarrying of marble, andesite, and limestone.

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