Whampoa Military Academy


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Whampoa Military Academy

 

a Chinese military school founded by Sun Yat-sen, with Communist assistance, in May 1924 to train revolutionary officers. It was initially located near the city of Whampoa (Huangp’u), from which it received its name. Considerable help in organizing and running the academy was provided by a corps of Soviet military specialists under the leadership of V. K. Bliukher and by the political adviser of the Kuomintang, M. M. Borodin. Between 1924 and 1926 the academy trained 4,258 officers. In early 1927 it was moved to Wuhan; it was closed in August 1927. Graduates of the academy played an important role in the Northern Campaign of 1926—27. The academy’s staff included supporters of Chiang Kai-shek, who carried out a counterrevolutionary coup in April 1927. Many of the graduates, however, remained faithful to the revolution.

REFERENCES

Cherepanov, A. I. Zapiski voennogo sovetnika v Kitae. Moscow, 1964.
Naumov, S. N. “Shkola Vampu.” In Sovetskie dobrovol’tsy o pervoi grazhdanskoi revoliutsionnoi voine v Kitae. Moscow, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
Even in China, cadets at the Whampoa Military Academy tried to launch a Chinese "Blue Shirts" movement akin to Mussolini's Blackshirts or Hitler's paramilitary Brownshirts, the Sturmabteilung.
Conscious of the need to rebuild a modern military, he set up the modern Whampoa Military Academy in 1924.
45): the labyrinth of overlapping secret and semi-secret associations of Chiang loyalists that took shape around alumni of the Whampoa Military Academy from 1931.
1923); appointed head of the KMT's Whampoa Military Academy (near Guangzhou); he organized and strengthened the KMT's army with Russian help, and solidified KMT control of south China (1923-1925); led the KMT armies in the first stage of the long-expected Northern Campaign (July 1926-May 1927); broke with the U.