Whiskey Rebellion


Also found in: Legal, Wikipedia.

Whiskey Rebellion,

1794, uprising in the Pennsylvania counties W of the Alleghenies, caused by Alexander HamiltonHamilton, Alexander,
1755–1804, American statesman, b. Nevis, in the West Indies. Early Career

He was the illegitimate son of James Hamilton (of a prominent Scottish family) and Rachel Faucett Lavien (daughter of a doctor-planter on Nevis and the estranged
..... Click the link for more information.
's excise tax of 1791. The settlers, mainly Scotch-Irish, for whom whiskey was an important economic commodity, resented the tax as discriminatory and detrimental to their liberty and economic welfare. There were many public protests, and rioting broke out in 1794 against the central government's efforts to enforce the law. Troops called out by President Washington quelled the rioting, and resistance evaporated. Nevertheless Hamilton sought to make an example of the settlers and illustrate the newly created government's power to enforce its law; many were arrested. President Washington pardoned the two rebels who were convicted of treason. The tax was repealed in 1802.

Bibliography

See L. D. Baldwin, Whiskey Rebels (rev. ed. 1967); W. Hogeland, The Whiskey Rebellion (2006).

Whiskey Rebellion

 

an uprising in 1794 of US farmers against oppressive taxation. The rebellion was in part caused by a law the American Congress passed in 1791, at the initiative of Secretary of the Treasury A. Hamilton, establishing an excise on grain liquor. The farmers of western Pennsylvania refused to pay the tax and drove the collectors away, killing several of them. In the summer of 1794 the rebels created leadership bodies—committees of correspondence—which urged resistance to the authorities. A meeting in Parkinson’s Ferry in August 1794 took up the question of creating a committee of public safety and transferring all power to it. The rebellion was suppressed in the autumn of 1794 by 15,000 troops under Hamilton’s command.

REFERENCES

Rochester, A. Amerikanskii kapitalizm, 1607–1800. Moscow, 1950. (Translated from English.)
Baldwin, L. D. Whiskey Rebels. Pittsburgh, Pa., 1939.

Whiskey Rebellion

uprising in Pennsylvania over high tax on whiskey and scotch products (1794). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 2967]
See: Riot
References in periodicals archive ?
The Whiskey Rebellion had another affect besides establishing the government's power over national alcohol makers.
In the judgment of historians, Washington's response to the Whiskey Rebellion was restrained.
The excise tax was immediately controversial, and resistance developed into the 1794 Whiskey Rebellion, an insurrection that has achieved almost mythic status.
Rikard (American and twentieth-century literature, SUNY-Sullivan) examines the dichotomy of characters, starting with some background on the Whiskey Rebellion, and an archeology of authority and Appalachia.
Through his handling of the Whiskey Rebellion, the value of the Second Amendment was established without serious bloodletting.
During the 1794 Whiskey Rebellion, President Washington encountered what he labeled U.
Their historical antecedent is America's anti-revenue Whiskey Rebellion in 1794, not the original anti-British, pro-representation Boston Tea Party in 1773.
Dallas, who was born in Kingston, Jamaica, in 1759, participated in the crushing of the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794, served as Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, U.
Our young republic bounced between the anarchic protests of the Whiskey Rebellion and the police-state repression of the Alien and Sedition Acts.
George Washington appointed the first commission to negotiate the end of the Whiskey Rebellion.
The Tea Party is in fact more like Shay's Whiskey Rebellion than a populist movement.
In quelling the Whiskey Rebellion and addressing the Indian uprisings of 1789-90, the first U.