White Boys

White Boys

 

the name of secret peasant organizations in Ireland which were engaged in a struggle against national and social oppression from the beginning of the 1760’s to the end of the 19th century. The White Boys usually operated at night, and they wore white shirts over their clothing. In response to the seizure of communal lands by English landlords, the eviction of tenant farmers from their land, and increases in the amount of rent, the White Boys carried out raids on estates and meted out justice to landlords, managers, and tax collectors.

REFERENCE

Engels, F. “Vypiski po istorii Irlandii XVII i XVIII vv.” In ArkhivMarksa i Engel’sa, vol. 10. Moscow, 1948.
References in classic literature ?
Chambers was strong beyond his years, and a good fighter; strong because he was coarsely fed and hard worked about the house, and a good fighter because Tom furnished him plenty of practice-- on white boys whom he hated and was afraid of.
He excited so much admiration, one day, among a crowd of white boys, by throwing back somersaults from the stern of a canoe, that it wearies Tom's spirit, and at last he shoved the canoe underneath Chambers while he was in the air--so he came down on his head in the canoe bottom; and while he lay unconscious, several of Tom's ancient adversaries saw that their long-desired opportunity was come, and they gave the false heir such a drubbing that with Chamber's best help he was hardly able to drag himself home afterward.
It was a common saying, even among little white boys, that it was worth a half- cent to kill a "nigger," and a half-cent to bury one.
When a white boy undertakes a task, it is taken for granted that he will succeed.
The very fact that the white boy is conscious that, if he fails in life, he will disgrace the whole family record, extending back through many generations, is of tremendous value in helping him to resist temptations.
In those days, and later as a young man, I used to try to picture in my imagination the feelings and ambitions of a white boy with absolutely no limit placed upon his aspirations and activities.
In later years, I confess that I do not envy the white boy as I once did.
Then he would enjoy their consternation at sight of a naked white boy trapped in the war togs of a black warrior and roaming the jungle with only a great ape as his companion.
When Tarzan first put it into the written language of his own people he had not yet chanced upon either WHITE or SKIN in the dictionary; but in a primer he had seen the picture of a little white boy and so he wrote his name BUMUDE-MUTOMURO, or he-boy.
Southbrook Road derives its name from Childwall Brook, which once ran through the road on which 34 houses are now built, and the house which is purported to be the lair of the demon is situated on land which once belonged to the Ivy Farm -just one of the infamous spots where a sinister and ancient band of occultists known as the Lily White Boys used to hold their bonfire rituals.
It appears deprivation is the main issue as at age 16, only 36 per cent of white boys from deprived backgrounds - those on free school meals - leave school with five good GCSEs.
The film suffers an undue reverence towards its characters - middle-class white boys whose attempts at being hip amount to snapping their fingers and shouting pretentious platitudes while standing on tables.