White Horde


Also found in: Wikipedia.

White Horde

 

(also Ak-ordu), one of the two parts of the Golden Horde, led by Batu, son of Jochi, and his descendants. (The second part was led by another son of Jochi, Orda.) This division of the Golden Horde was stable during its entire history of the 13th and 14th centuries. While nominally vassals of the descendants of Batu, the descendants of Orda reduced that dependence to a minimum. Thus, the term “Golden Horde,” which since the rule of Batu was applied to the entire ulus (Tatar settlement) of Jochi, from the early 14th century came to pertain only to the White Horde, consisting of the actual ulus of Batu (Volga region) and the uluses of his brothers: Berke (northeastern Caucasus), Shi-ban (contemporary Kazakhstan and Western Siberia) and Moval (Black Sea region). The uluses of Batu and Berke were later united under the rule of Berke. In the fifteenth century, on the territory of the White Horde, new state formations took place which were heir to the Golden Horde: the Great Horde and the Nogai Horde and the Uzbek, Kasimov, Crimean, Kazan, Siberian, and other khanates.

REFERENCES

Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Kochevniki Vostochnoi Evropy pod vlast’iu zolotoordynskikh khanov. Moscow, 1966. Pages 235–46.
Safargaliev, M. G. Raspad Zolotoi Ordy, Saransk, 1960. Page 14.
Grekov, B. D., and A. Iu. Iakubovskii. Zolotaia Orda i ee padenie. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950.

SH. F. MUKHAMED’IAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
Goals from Eric Gates and Gabbiadini sent the red and white hordes in the Leazes End into meltdown, while hundreds of despairing Newcastle supporters invaded the pitch from the Gallowgate End.
The green and white hordes - about 4000 of them - got in on the Italian spirit and soaked up some culture all day in the build-up.
Down on the Ramblas, where the blue and white hordes congregated in happy anticipation yesterday, there was consensus about that.
It was not surprising Wawrinka felt so at home given the vocal Swiss support, although he was quick to acknowledge the red and white hordes are not in London just for him.
Their support had been loud and lusty in the minutes before kick-off but Cabaye's goal sucked the energy and optimism out of the red and white hordes.
With the green and white hordes still celebrating, Ivan Sproule replaced Jorge Claros, but two goals in four minutes after the break had the maroon and white ribbons on the cup.
If the possible becomes probable and then certain the Blue and White hordes will have the mother of all kneesups.
For the third time in his football career the 56-year-old will be welcomed to St James' Park by the black and white hordes who have twice before invested their faith and expectations in him.
Restoring self esteem to the green and white hordes was in itself a mammoth task, and for achieving it O'Neill is to be congratulated.
But this time around, he rarely let the Italy international out of his sights, and although Vieri finally broke his duck with a brave header to drag the Nerazzurri back into the game after Alan Shearer had sent the travelling black and white hordes into ecstasy, manager Sir Bobby Robson was delighted with his display.
Killie boss Bobby Williamson also handed new signing Michel Ngonge from QPR a debut and within three minutes the little marksman, signed only three days ago, shocked the green and white hordes.
And, with so much at stake on Sunday, Boyd will be cheering the Bhoys on, just like the green and white hordes who will pack the stands for a match the home side dare not lose.