White Lands

White Lands

 

(also “whitewashed” or “whitened”), in the Russian state of the 16th and 17th centuries, the lands of secular and church feudal lords, whose inhabitants were exempt from paying state taxes. White lands usually belonged to pomeshchiki (fief holders). According to the law promulgated about 1591, the arable lands of those landowners who personally bore military service and lived on their estates were “whitened.” In the 17th century, with the introduction of the farmstead as the unit of taxation, all of the landowners’ tillage was already completely exempt from taxation. People who were dependent on secular or church feudal lords—including former posadskie liudi (merchants and artisans) and also in certain slobody (settlements), sluzhilye liudi po priboru (servitors by contract), made up of cossacks, dragoons, and others in white-land locations—lived in the cities and certain slobody located on white lands belonging to those landlords. The posadskie liudi protested the fact that the mercantile-industrial inhabitants of the “white slobody” in cities, especially privately owned slobody, were exempt from bearing their tax and service obligations. After the Moscow Revolt of 1648, the government granted the demands of the posadskie liudi; privately owned “white slobody” were confiscated and their inhabitants were assigned to posads (merchants’ and artisans’ quarters).

REFERENCE

Smirnov, P. P. Posadskie liudi i ikh klassovaia bor’ba do serediny XVII v., vols. 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947–48.

V. S. BAKULIN

References in classic literature ?
Maple White Land it became, and so it is named in that chart which has become my special task.
The peaceful penetration of Maple White Land was the pressing subject before us.
August the twenty-eighth-- the day we saw five live iguanodons in a glade of Maple White Land.
She herself, I noticed, was dressed in her white land smock.
The total size of the Sultanate is 309,500 square kilometers of which 3% are white lands, 82% deserts and wadis, 15% mountains and 5.
He said: "I estimate infrastructure costs for the 190,000,000 m 2 of white lands at $53 (SAR200) per m 2 .
235-2015 "Integral Service Contracts Artistic Production Year End Show To Be Held In The Field Of White Lands In Accordance With The Attached Specifications
In mid-September, the Council of Senior Islamic Scholars (CSIS) explored a study on the possibility of imposing fees on white lands located within urban areas of cities and provinces.
In fact, high prices of white lands and lack of proper financing solutions signify the main problem that prevents citizens from obtaining proper affordable housing for their families and represent a major challenge for investors in this field, he added .
In a bid to protect environment, the Law also bans the discharge of sanitary drainage water at the water drainage or the white lands.
Property expert and dealer Musa Al-Musa said the imposition of fees on white lands will not lead to a reduction in the price of land for customers.