white-collar crime

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white-collar crime,

term coined by Edward Sutherland for nonviolent crimes committed by corporations or individuals such as office workers or sales personnel (see white-collar workerswhite-collar workers,
broad occupational grouping of workers engaged in nonmanual labor; frequently contrasted with blue-collar (manual) employees. American in origin, the term has close analogues in other industrial countries.
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) in the course of their business activities. White-collar crimes include embezzlement, false advertising, bribery, unfair competition, tax evasion, and unfair labor practices.

white-collar crime

‘a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation’. This is the definition which Edwin H. Sutherland gave in his book which started systematic sociological interest in this area: White-collar Crime (1949). Sutherland argues that criminal behaviour is not confined to working-class people. It is frequently, even routinely, found among people of high social status and respectability, but white-collar crimes are rarely treated as such.

Sutherland's focus was on crimes committed by managers and others in the course of their occupations, though the usage has often been broadened to include other areas of middle-class crime. In a study of 70 US corporations Sutherland found a large number of crimes including fraud, misrepresentation, infringe-ments of patents, and others. Much of his evidence did not come from criminal statistics but from the investigations of independent commissions, because very few of the offenders had been prosecuted. Even though the total amounts of money lost to companies, banks, etc., runs into many millions of pounds, it is still the case that white-collar crimes are very much under-represented in the CRIMINAL STATISTICS and are not stigmatized in the way that violent crimes or thefts from individuals are. The importance of Sutherland's work is in correcting common assumptions about the distribution of crime and in qualifying some arguments which have linked crime exclusively to deprivation.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Annual Survey features twenty main articles, which provide readers with current and relevant information on twenty types of federal white collar crime.
it is easy to say that this is not white collar crime.
In many white collar crime cases, a criminal investigators s initial contact with a subject prompts the criminal to contact a lawyer, who usually will advise the subject not to agree to an interview.
The survey, which was conducted between January and April 1999 by the Training and Research Institute of the National White Collar Crime Center in Morgantown, West Virginia, is the first of its kind in nearly two decades.
The reason for this is not inattention or indifference on the part of law enforcement, but the complexity of white collar crime and the difficulty of making and proving a case.
It is with great excitement and some sadness that I part ways with the Twentieth Edition of the Annual Survey of White Collar Crime.
Delinsky, Member, Eckert Seamans Cherin & Mellott LLC - "Challenges for the White Collar Crime Attorney";
When people see panelists who were convicted of white collar crimes and hear their stories, they are able to identify with them," said the panel moderator Kelly Pope, visiting professor of accountancy at Wake Forest University.
There remains a disparity between the number of white collar crimes committed and those that are actually brought to the attention of law enforcement.
He prosecuted a wide range of white collar crimes including investor fraud, terrorism financing, securities fraud, health care fraud, embezzlement, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act violations, export violations, environmental crimes, and telemarketing fraud.
He handles white collar cases involving public corruption, health care fraud crimes, tax crimes, money laundering crimes, mail fraud crimes, wire fraud crimes, firearms crimes, export crimes, import crimes, drug crimes, conspiracy crimes, RICO crimes, bankruptcy fraud crimes, CCE crimes, environmental crimes, securities fraud crimes including insider trading, antitrust crimes, bank fraud crimes and other financially related federal, white collar crimes.
Solow's arrival complements both the firm's environmental crimes and white collar crimes practices.