Whiteboys

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Whiteboys,

members of small illegal, largely Roman Catholic, peasant bands in 18th-century Ireland. First organized (c.1759) in protest against the large-scale enclosure of common lands and other causes of agrarian distress, they were so called because on their nocturnal raids they often wore white disguises. They were heavily suppressed (1765), but outbreaks of similar activity recurred during periods of extreme agricultural hardship. Hostility (1775–85) was largely aimed at tithe collectors. There were similar, although shortlived, Protestant groups in Ulster, the Oakboys (1763) and the Steelboys (1770). Terrorist activity hastened the establishment of the Irish Parliament (1782), in which Henry GrattanGrattan, Henry
, 1746–1820, Irish statesman. A lawyer, he entered (1775) the Irish Parliament and soon became known as a brilliant orator. Aided by Britain's preoccupation with the American Revolution and its fear of the revolutionary potential of the Irish volunteer army
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 attempted to reform the system of tithes. Although the Whiteboys were suppressed, they set a pattern for agrarian unrest that continued under various names and later became politicized.
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Chameleon, reversing the process and wanting his surroundings now to conform to the colour and pattern he had chosen, exhorted the faithful fellows to follow him into the badlands of Shi'ism, but all they saw was that bloodyminded Whiteboy who could turna clever trick or two with his tongue, but what did a Whiteboy know about the Faith, particularly when it came to what their forefathers had followed for fourteen hundred years, and they left me in droves.
Citing views on tragedy that Burke conceived for The Reformer (1748) and developed in the Enquiry (2757), Gibbons explains the aesthetic-political nexus in Burke's reaction to the lurid theatrical spectacle of the Irish executions consequent on the Whiteboy movement, a display which he considered excessive.
19) The Protestant Peep-o'-day boys came from Northern Ireland, while the Whiteboys were peasant agitators active throughout the country.
When Jade first meets her love-interest, the nerdy whiteboy Mark, she avoids talking to him (and slyly prepares to humiliate him and gain the upper hand) by impersonating a sweet Asian girl with poor English-language skills.
Even the passing of the Whiteboy Act of 1765, which strengthened the hand of the magistrates, had little effect, but bad harvests and food shortages in the end quieted the disturbances.
Despite the family's having moved to London, this concern with Irish affairs continues to some extent into the final instalment of 1770, as when Griffith reports on parliamentary debates (such as that concerning the Septennial Bill) or on the acquittal of some Whiteboy agitators at the assizes in Clonmel, Tipperary, in 1767.
Hey Ma, featuring the new single Whiteboy, will be out on April 7.
JEFF BUCKLEY Mystery Whiteboy (Columbia): Jeff Buckley's star burned brightly but all too briefly, just one album and a couple of EPs released during his lifetime, another LP issued after his death in May 1997.
His trademark whiteboy soul grooves have been given a rockier edge without losing the power of a strong melody.
Who had never been lashed by a ten-year-old whiteboy as God knows they had.
He traces contemporary Northern Ireland's Unionist and Nationalist demands for a "moral polity" back to the eighteenth-century Whiteboy attempt to establish a "moral economy," representing a long-time all Ireland opinion "of an extra-legal government or law which must, in extremities, supercede and even oust the formal and official order.