Whiteboys


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Whiteboys,

members of small illegal, largely Roman Catholic, peasant bands in 18th-century Ireland. First organized (c.1759) in protest against the large-scale enclosure of common lands and other causes of agrarian distress, they were so called because on their nocturnal raids they often wore white disguises. They were heavily suppressed (1765), but outbreaks of similar activity recurred during periods of extreme agricultural hardship. Hostility (1775–85) was largely aimed at tithe collectors. There were similar, although shortlived, Protestant groups in Ulster, the Oakboys (1763) and the Steelboys (1770). Terrorist activity hastened the establishment of the Irish Parliament (1782), in which Henry GrattanGrattan, Henry
, 1746–1820, Irish statesman. A lawyer, he entered (1775) the Irish Parliament and soon became known as a brilliant orator. Aided by Britain's preoccupation with the American Revolution and its fear of the revolutionary potential of the Irish volunteer army
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 attempted to reform the system of tithes. Although the Whiteboys were suppressed, they set a pattern for agrarian unrest that continued under various names and later became politicized.
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Beginning in the mid-eighteenth century we are given the socio-political context of Whiteboys, Rightboys and Oakboys.
To compound matters the local Whiteboys joined in the fray and deaths were the result on both sides.
Jennie of Midlothian followed Whiteboys, and then the theatre went dark until 9 June.
The part about "run[ning] a hand through your hair like the whiteboys," for example, suggests an awareness of how much racial or ethnic identity is performative, a role that you play with certain acts and gestures that Yunior chooses to take up and put down at will.
He was impatient to be started and well before leaving Ireland had adapted his Sleeping whiteboy into a historically incorrect sketch of Peep-o'-day boy's cabin.
Belcon and I spent two years writing Whiteboys, a tragicomedy about a white kid in Iowa named Flip-Dogg, who is obsessed with gangsta rap music and gets all his images of African-Americans from TV, like most people around the world do.
37) sur l'absence de mobilisation politique des paysans irlandais dans le nord avant 1763 et les protestations des Whiteboys a travers l'Irlande en 1761 (p.
5) Connolly points out that the activities of Houghers were unique in that they constituted 'the one organized expression of discontent on any significant scale in the seventy years which separate the Williamite War and the first appearance of the Whiteboys in Tipperary county in 1761'.
Certainly this reactionary character had been part of the code since it was first articulated by the Whiteboys in the 1760s, but by the mid-1880s it included as its most dynamic component a sound and savvy response to the market economy, based on solid economic thinking, that envisioned a free market in land and its products, but one that did not include an alien landlord class.
The Whiteboys, the most formidable of the agrarian rebels, had things their own way for nearly five years in spite of occasional capital convictions.
I saw that cross she bore round her neck I saw these whiteboys flinch, 'cause her tongue was frigid
There are also interesting glimpses of the effect on the Herbert family of the political events of the day, particularly the threatening activities of the local Whiteboys.