Gough Whitlam

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Whitlam, Gough

(gŏf), 1916–2014, Australian political leader. Edward Gough Whitlam studied law and entered practice near Sydney after serving in World War II. A member of the Labour party, he was elected to Parliament in 1952 and rose in party circles. In 1960 he succeeded Arthur Calwell as party leader and attempted to broaden the party's appeal to the middle class in order to reverse its poor electoral showings of the 1950s and 60s. In the Dec., 1972, elections he led the party to victory against the Liberal-Country coalition that had dominated Australian politics for years. As joint prime minister and foreign minister, he emphasized better treatment for aborigines, increased nonwhite immigration, greater access to health care and university education, and other social reforms, and a limit to British and U.S. influence in Australia. Immediately after taking office, he ordered Australian troops to return from South Vietnam and ended conscription. In 1973 Whitlam relinquished the office of foreign minister. In the May, 1974, elections his government was returned to power with a small majority in the lower house. In 1975 he was dismissed by the governor-general after a budgetary and early-election impasse with the opposition-controlled senate endangered the government's ability to meet its financial obligations. Although his tenure as prime minister was relatively short, the changes he initiated ultimately transformed Australian society. He resigned as party leader in 1977 and in 1978 left politics to teach at Australian National Univ., Canberra. From 1983 to 1986 he was ambassador to UNESCO. A prolific author, he wrote many books, including Labor Essays (1980), The Cost of Federalism (1983), and The Whitlam Government 1972–75 (1985).
References in periodicals archive ?
The last time the New Zealand dollar reached parity with the Aussie in October of 1973, during the days of the Whitlam government, and 2 days after OPEC lifted the price of oil by 70% causing the 1970s oil shocks.
Following the dismissal of the Whitlam Government in November 1975, the Coalition Fraser Government set about gradually winding back the scheme, until it was effectively dismantled in 1981.
Meanwhile, on 11 November 1975, the Governor General dismissed the Whitlam government and the new bill, which was scheduled for reconsideration by the Senate on 12 November, was swept away.
This was especially evident in the period of the Whitlam government (1972-75), when progressive religious groups actively supported major extensions of the Commonwealth's role in social policy.
While Australia had been expected to support Israel at the United Nations, the Whitlam Government espoused a policy of "strict neutrality and even handedness", which yet appeared to support the Arab states.
During the Whitlam Government (1972-75), northern development was overshadowed in the media by more prominent aspects of the ALP program, including the expansion of federal aid to schools and universities, support for urban development and Whitlam's focus on independent foreign policy.
Carroll, a freelance writer from Australia who has written several books on Australian history, presents a biography of Edward Gough Whitlam that culminates in a description of how Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismissed the elected Whitlam Government in Australia in 1975.
Many factors have played a part in shaping the way we speak, from the dialect mix present in the early days of the colony, to social change during World War I, the dismissal of the Whitlam Government, and the increasing linguistic diversity resulting from multi-culturalism," the Daily Telegraph quoted website co-founder Dr Felicity Cox as saying.
While in line with the Government's framework of social provision on the basis of "working families" it contradicts the historical record bequeathed by the Whitlam Government when it introduced the first sole parents pension in 1974.
This section chronicles the 1970s economic crisis, the dismissal of the Whitlam government, the election of the Fraser-led Liberal-National coalition, and more aggressive employer behaviour.