Whitney Museum of American Art

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Whitney Museum of American Art,

in New York City, founded in 1930 by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney with a core group of 700 artworks, many from her own collection. The museum was an outgrowth of the Whitney Studio (1914–18), the Whitney Studio Club (1918–28), and the Whitney Studio Galleries (1928–30). Opened to the public in 1931, the museum has actively supported American art and continues its support through the purchase and exhibition of the work of living artists. Its extensive permanent collection contains some 22,000 sculptures, paintings, drawings, prints, photographs, and multimedia works and installations. The collection is particularly rich in works by Charles Burchfield, Alexander Calder, Marsden Hartley, Edward Hopper, Gaston Lachaise, Reginald Marsh, Agnes Martin, Louise Nevelson, and Georgia O'Keeffe. Biennial shows of works in various media provide comprehensive reviews of each year's American art. Since 2015, the museum has been located in downtown Manhattan in a spacious building designed by Renzo PianoPiano, Renzo
, 1937–, Italian architect, b. Genoa. Piano attended architecture school at Milan Polytechnic, graduating in 1964. The prolific Piano has been lauded for responding to the needs of each building site rather than cleaving to a single architectural style and has
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. Its brutalist-style Madison Avenue building, which was designed by Marcel BreuerBreuer, Marcel Lajos
, 1902–81, American architect and furniture designer, b. Hungary. During the 1920s he was associated, both as student and as teacher, with the Bauhaus in Germany.
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 and opened in 1966, is now leased to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Bibliography

See A. D. Weinberg, American Art of the Twentieth Century: Treasures of the Whitney Museum of American Art (1997); F. M. Biddle, The Whitney Women and the Museum They Made: A Family Memoir (1999); M. L. Anderson, American Visionaries: Selections from the Whitney Museum of American Art (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
In Celebration of the Opening of the New Whitney Museum of American Art and 84th Anniversary of the Empire State Building
NEW YORK -- Police say a vandal has marred the walls of New York City's Whitney Museum of American Art for a second time in two months as it prepares to move.
th] Avenue, H&M is the fashion retail sponsor of the Whitney Museum of American Art's "Jeff Koons: A Retrospective.
WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART * March 1-May 27 * Curated by Elisabeth Sussman and Jay Sanders * This living, evolving iteration of the Whitney Biennial (perhaps the last to appear in the famed Breuer building) will give us the American classic in a versatile and fluctuating format: Painting and sculpture installed in an open-plan design such that the idiosyncrasies of the museum's near-windowless brutalist shell will dictate spatial relations; meanwhile, a designated cinema space--programmed in consultation with Light Industry founders Thomas Beard and Ed Halter--will displace the usual warren of looped-video viewing rooms, allowing invited filmmakers to host screenings of their own work along with that of their influences.
Delta Air Lines (NYSE:DAL) on Wednesday announced a new sponsorship where it will become the official and exclusive airline of the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Celebrating a landmark achievement in the public-private revitalization of downtown Manhattan, the Whitney Museum of American Art and the City of New York broke ground for the Whitney's new museum building on Gansevoort Street in the Meatpacking District last week.
New York - Mayor Bloomberg will speak at the Whitney Museum of American Art's ground breaking ceremony today.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art has finalized a deal to lease the Whitney Museum of American Art's Upper East Side building when the Whitney opens its Meatpacking District location in 2015, the Wall Street Journal reported.
Forty blocks up Madison, neighbours of the Whitney Museum successfully fought to save the skin of an unremarkable brownstone house with nothing behind it, preferring this Potemkin gesture to the elegant new entrance proposed by Piano as part of his recent remodelling scheme.
Published in conjunction with a 2005 exhibition organized by the Whitney Museum of Art, this catalog highlights the work of contemporary artist Banks Violette, who is inspired by the subculture of heavy metal and other apocalyptic rock music.
Master of Fine Arts in hand, fame soon followed her: a MacArthur "genius" grant, shows at the Whitney Museum, MOMA and Guggenheim just touch the surface of Walker's achievements.
Now for the first time, modern art enthusiasts can explore the art of this exceptional and versatile American artist in Tim Hawkinson by Lawrence Rinder (Adjunct Curator, Whitney Museum of American Art).